Over the past year, copper mining in Kazakhstan has increased by 8.2 per cent year-on-year to 103.2 million tons.
The main copper mines are in eastern Kazakhstan (37 per cent of the country's total output), Pavlodar (30 per cent) and Karaganda (28 per cent).
Refined copper and copper alloys:
Production of refined copper and copper alloys reached 4.426 million tons in 2018, up 3 per cent from a year earlier. The regions with the highest yields are Karaganda (76 per cent of the country's total production) and eastern Kazakhstan (21 per cent).
Exports of refined copper and copper alloys fell 4.2 per cent in the first 11 months of 2018, up 5.1 per cent in currency terms.
Among the CIS countries, Ukraine remains a major importer of Kazakh copper, with other importers including China, the United Arab Emirates and the United Kingdom.
Copper tailings and scrap copper, copper wire:
Exports of copper tailings and scrap copper increased by nearly 57 per cent over the same period and fell by nearly 19 per cent in currency terms. Russia is the main importer of copper tailings and scrap copper.
The total amount of copper wire supplied by Kazakhstan to the international market fell by 44.3% and 36.8% in monetary terms, and all copper wire was imported from Russia.
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