With the rapid development of the new energy industry, the cobalt sulphate market is experiencing a series of changes. In order to adapt to such changes in the cobalt sulphate (crystal) market (the cost of cobalt intermediates and cobalt sulphate are increasingly divergent from the finished product prices, and irrational spread between recycled cobalt sulphate and intermediates prices), and to further reduce the transaction risks and costs across the cobalt sulphate industry chain by referring to SMM Price, SMM has been constantly improving and deepening its research on the cobalt sulphate industry chain. After prudent information accumulation and market research, SMM has decided to launch the item of SMM Cobalt Sulphate Price Index starting from December 23, 2022.
Guidelines to SMM price assessment methodology
Shanghai Metals Market (“SMM”) is an independent service provider that does not participate in trades. SMM is a market observer that engages buyers and sellers in the commodities market. By consulting with independent industry participants, SMM drafts the methodology, examines and revises it regularly based on the specifications and terms of trade that are generally used in the market, with equal weighting given to transactions that meet the standards. SMM reserves the right to exclude any unreliable or unrepresentative price data from its price assessment.
SMM Price refers to metals spot prices or price indices of both the Chinese and overseas markets reported by SMM on a daily basis. All SMM prices are published according to a set of defined methodologies, indicating how the prices are accessed and reported. These methodologies are published on our website www.metal.com (English) or www.smm.cn (Chinese) or for all market participants to understand and refer to.
To reflect the actual trades in the spot market, SMM will update the methodology for SMM price assessments and publish all the revisions on our website www.metal.com (English) or www.smm.cn (Chinese). For queries or suggestions on the methodology, please contact SMM customer services (please find contact information on the SMM official websites). Please read this paragraph in conjunction with the SMM methodology review and changes policy, and the SMM Complaint Policy available at www.metal.com (English) or www.smm.cn (Chinese).
This document specifies the standards and management methods for the SMM Cobalt Sulphate Price Index assessment, which are formulated to establish a transparent and verifiable SMM price setting mechanism.
SMM Cobalt Sulphate Price Index
The SMM Cobalt Sulphate Price Index is assessed and reported based on the methodology defined in this document. As a benchmark, it can be referred to by cobalt sulphate industry chain players (including market players engaging in raw materials, smelting, ternary precursor, Co3O4, ternary cathode material, battery, etc.) as a reference for their settlement price of cobalt sulphate. The price index reflects the guide prices of cobalt sulphate that are the most tradable at the time of publication on each full trading day. The price index is based on the actual transaction and bid/offer of spot cobalt sulphate from the industry chain players (including market players engaging in smelting, ternary precursor, Co3O4, etc.), and is calculated with different weights of each price submitter.
2. Introduction of price assessment
The SMM Cobalt Sulphate Price Index reflects the most representative cobalt sulphate prices for the day the index is published. The index is calculated as a weighted average by using the most tradable prices submitted by players across the cobalt sulphate industry chain in China. This document specifies the methodology of SMM Cobalt Sulphate Price Index calculation model in accordance with the IOSCO standard, as well as the process of collecting and treating sample transaction data, with the purpose of establishing an accurate, transparent and verifiable mechanism for SMM Cobalt Sulphate Price Index assessing.
3. Process of data collection
SMM price analysts will collect cobalt sulphate -related data information from submitters by means of phone, fax, email, QQ, WeChat and other forms of communication between 9:00 – 10:50 China Standard Time (“CST”) on every trading day. (Price data that are submitted after 10:50 CST will not be included in price assessment on the day, while data that does not contain the required minimum information details will not be included either, even if the data are submitted before the deadline)
The data will include traded prices within the day, and the most likely traded prices, bids and offers. All communication content on instant messengers, WeChat messaging and emails as well as face-to-face communication will be recorded, while phone communication via phone calls will also be recorded in summary and input into the database. Price data must be a typical, repeatable transaction between unaffiliated market participants (completely financially and legally independent).
SMM price analysts are subject to a code of business ethics when reporting to their supervisors the content of any coerced or threatened communication from market participants, or any kind of induced offer that seeks to influence the outcome of an assessment.
Price data provided by the submitters to SMM should include at least the following kinds of information. SMM analysts should encourage the price submitter to report as much detailed information as possible, not just the minimum requirements specified.
4. Formation of price index and treatment of outlier
SMM Cobalt Sulphate Price Index is derived from a weighted average of the collected data after standardisation as well as each enterprise. The initial weight of each enterprise is calculated based on the amount of cobalt sulphate participated in each trading segment of cobalt sulphate chain (including smelting, ternary precursor, Co3O4, etc.) by that company.
SMM will keep tracking and reviewing the weightings of enterprises and industry segments, adjusting or maintaining the weightings based on changes in the market supply and demand as well as in consultation with submitters and market players. SMM will analyse the data information collected and the price index calculated on a daily basis after all the data information is collected and reserves the right to adjust the weights. The adjusted weights will be used to produce the final price index for that day. The regressed weights will be used as the initial weights for the next working day.
5. Assessment (calculation) of price index
The result obtained through prudent collection, standardisation and weighed calculation will be published in the form of a price index during 10:50-11:00 CST on each trading day.
6. Price index publication
SMM will form the SMM Cobalt Sulphate Price Index in accordance with the following standards and regulations and publish on the SMM websites at www.metal.com (English) or www.smm.cn (Chinese) during 10:50-11:00 CST on each working day, except for weekends and public holidays in China.
The time in between the deadline for price collection (10:50 CST) and the deadline for price publication (11:00 CST) daily is used to verify and calculate the final SMM Cobalt Sulphate Price Index.
The time of the price publication may also be affected by emergencies and force majeure factors, such as power outages and natural disasters. In such cases, SMM will make every effort to inform the market of the delayed publication schedule as soon as possible.
7. Unit and form of existence
Form of targeted products of SMM Cobalt Sulphate Price Index: crystal, in compliant with GB/T 26523-2011, Co ≥ 20.5%;
Unit: RMB/mt in physical content;
Form of existence: in the form of a price index (rebounded to one decimal places), tax included (13% VAT included);
Payment method: delivery to the factory, tax included; credit + bank acceptance;
Online update: 11:00 CST on each trading day
We welcome all relevant players in the industry chain to participate and help SMM to better serve the enterprises in the cobalt sulphate industry chain. Should you have any questions, please feel free to send your feedback to firstname.lastname@example.org.