SMM News: first, the background of the drafting of the plan.
Since 2013, through the continuous control of air pollution, the overall air quality in our city has maintained a trend of improvement, but the situation is still very grim, especially the pollution degree of ozone and nitrogen oxide has shown an obvious aggravating trend in the past two years. In 2019, the 90th percentile of the maximum eight-hour average concentration of ozone in our city reached 183 micrograms per cubic meter, an increase of 21.2% over the same period last year, and the number of days exceeding the standard of ozone increased by 35 days over the same period last year. The average concentration of nitrogen oxide increased by 2.3% over the same period last year, and the number of days exceeding the standard increased by 8 days compared with the same period last year. Two gaseous pollutants have become important pollution factors affecting the air quality of the city. In addition, in 2019, the improvement of the average concentration of PM2.5 in our city was the lowest in the past six years, and the average concentration of PM10 increased for the first time in six years, and there was an obvious bottleneck in the continuous improvement of particulate matter pollution. The continuous improvement of the atmospheric environmental quality of the whole city is facing great pressure.
The year 2020 marks the end of the 13th five-year Plan, and it is also the decisive year for fighting the battle against pollution and building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way. It is of great significance to fully accomplish the goal of winning the Blue Sky Defense War. Under the influence of COVID-19 's epidemic situation, our city has implemented General Secretary Xi Jinping's important speech during his visit to our city to inspect the epidemic prevention and control work, as well as the spirit of the state and the province on overall planning for epidemic prevention and control and eco-environmental protection for economic and social development. To implement the requirements of "six stability and six guarantees" and in accordance with the requirements of adhering to the principles, direction, intensity and standards of ecological environment protection, On the basis of repeatedly soliciting the opinions of the people's governments of various districts, relevant municipal departments and relevant key enterprises, and soliciting the opinions of the public, the work Plan for the Prevention and Control of Air pollution in Wuhan City in 2020 (hereinafter referred to as the "work Plan") was drafted and formally promulgated after examination and approval by the Municipal people's Government.
II. Air quality improvement targets for 2020
A good ecological environment is the fairest public goods and the most universal well-being of the people. In 2020, our city will continue to promote the improvement of air quality in the city to meet the needs of the people for a better ecological environment, especially air quality.
The air quality targets for 2020 are: the assessment target of excellent and good air quality is 73.1% (incentive target 75.4%), the average concentration of PM10 is 70 μ g / m3, the average concentration of PM2.5 is 45 μ g / m3 (incentive target 44 μ g / m3), and the total emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides are 25% and 25% lower than those in 2015, respectively.
III. Main measures to optimize industrial structure
The heavy chemical industry in our city emits a large amount of air pollution, with thermal power, iron and steel, coking, petrochemical, chemical, building materials and other key industries accounting for nearly 80% of the city's industrial emissions. In 2020, our city will focus on "controlling increment and removing stock" to force industrial transformation and promote file upgrading. The main tasks of optimizing the industrial structure include: carrying out the replacement of two times the new emissions of major air pollutants, leading the wind to carry out three times reduction, and strictly controlling environmental admittance. Areas without environmental capacity shall not add new major air pollutant discharge projects; eliminate backward production capacity and reduce excess capacity; complete the task of customs transformation and transformation of chemical enterprises along the Yangtze River; carry out the recycling of parks and the green transformation of enterprises; We will promote cleaner production in key enterprises.
IV. The main tasks of adjusting the energy structure
Coal burning is the main source of particulate matter, volatile organic compounds ((VOCs)) and nitrogen oxides in our city, accounting for about 20% of the sources of air pollutants. In 2020, our city will focus on "reducing total quantity, controlling quality and preventing scattered burning" to promote coal pollution and emission reduction. The main tasks of adjusting the energy structure include: controlling the total coal consumption within 24 million tons (raw coal) for the whole year; speeding up the supply of clean energy, with the proportion of non-fossil energy reaching 15.6%; continuously consolidating the achievements in the regulation of bulk coal; carrying out the renovation of petroleum coke burning facilities; strengthen coal quality supervision and management, and investigate and deal with coal quality exceeding the standard in accordance with the law.
V. the main work of adjusting the transport structure
Road transport in our city accounts for more than 60% of goods transport; nearly 3% of diesel trucks in the city have become the national III standard, and diesel vehicles account for nearly 30% of buses. Structural problems are an important problem of traffic pollution in our city. The main tasks of adjusting the transport structure include: vigorously developing railway and waterway freight transport, striving to increase the volume of railway and waterway freight transport, promoting clean transport of bulk materials, and the proportion of clean transport in the iron and steel industry is not less than 80%. The automobile transport part gradually adopts cars or new energy vehicles with or above national Ⅴ emission standards; To study and formulate the ban and restriction policy for diesel trucks in country III of the third Ring Road and within the area. after the fourth Ring Road is fully completed and opened to traffic, the roads of the third Ring Road and its areas are prohibited from passing through State III standard diesel trucks 24 hours a day (except for diesel freight vehicles in this city that have been installed with exhaust pollution control devices as required and are normally used), strict vehicle access management and implementation of national VI emission standards. We will actively promote new energy vehicles, replace 816 new energy buses and 200 new energy or national VI emission standard sanitation vehicles, and guide and encourage green travel.
VI. Deepening the task of industrial waste gas treatment
Industrial production is one of the main sources of air pollution in our city, accounting for 30% of the PM2.5 sources. The main tasks of industrial waste gas control include: implementing the transformation of ultra-low emissions in the iron and steel industry, promoting the reduction of emissions in the whole process of iron and steel enterprises, and orderly promoting the transformation of flue gas denitrification standards in waste incineration power generation enterprises. focus on promoting waste incineration power generation enterprises to install flue gas denitrification devices on the basis of the current emission standards to further reduce nitrogen oxide emissions; carry out air pollution control in industrial furnaces; We will promote the implementation of low-nitrogen combustion transformation of gas-fired boilers, mainly for gas-fired boilers of 10 steam tons per hour or more, carry out pilot projects for the transformation of ultra-low emissions of biomass-fired boilers, promote the treatment of unorganized emissions of industrial dust, and carry out special law enforcement of industrial air pollution in autumn and winter.
VII. prevention and control of volatile organic compounds pollution
VOCs is one of the important precursors of ozone pollution. The main tasks of VOCs pollution reduction include: establishing the management list of VOCs pollution prevention and control in key industries such as petrochemical, chemical, industrial painting, packaging and printing; strengthening the detection and repair of VOCs leakage; organizing enterprises in related industries to carry out transformation of VOCs standards; promoting VOCs monitoring and monitoring in key industries; promoting the implementation of online monitoring and supervisory sampling of oil and gas recovery facilities such as gas stations; and completing the transformation of oil and gas recovery of key crude oil and oil products terminals.
VIII. Task of controlling exhaust pollution from mobile sources
In recent years, the annual growth of motor vehicle emissions in our city has reached about 1200 tons, which has an obvious impact on the air quality of the whole city, and the ship traffic volume is relatively large, so the impact on urban air quality can not be ignored. The main tasks of mobile source exhaust pollution control include: completing the task of early elimination of national III standard diesel trucks, promoting the treatment of national Ⅲ heavy diesel vehicles, and aiming at early elimination and exhaust control, our city has issued the "Wuhan National III diesel vehicle early phase-out subsidy implementation plan" and the "Wuhan heavy diesel truck exhaust treatment reward and compensation work plan"; We will continue to carry out road inspection and law enforcement of diesel truck exhaust emissions and non-road mobile mechanical exhaust pollution, and public security traffic control and ecological environment departments will form a regular joint law enforcement mechanism for motor vehicle road inspection. We will continue to carry out exhaust emission sampling inspection of diesel trucks on the road, speed up the construction of port shore electricity facilities, improve the utilization rate of ship shore electricity, and carry out special inspection on the quality of vehicle and marine oil products. Strengthen traffic pollution prevention and control measures in key areas.
IX. Prevention and control of atmospheric non-point source pollution
There are a wide range of types of atmospheric non-point source pollution, including dust, open-air burning, open-air barbecue, open-air spraying and other pollution problems. The focus is to improve the fine management level of atmospheric non-point source pollution. The main tasks for the prevention and control of atmospheric non-point source pollution include: strict dust control on construction sites, demolition sites and reserve sites, implementation of site "sunshine construction" and slag "sunshine transport" to reduce construction pollution at night as much as possible; implement online monitoring of dust from key dust sources, strengthen road dust control, and vigorously promote the dust pressing operation mechanism of the combination of mechanized cleaning and suction cleaning of primary and secondary trunk roads. Strictly prohibit the open burning of crop straw, strengthen the supervision and comprehensive utilization of open burning of crop straw, and strengthen the control and whip management of non-point sources such as open-air spraying, catering oil fume, open-air barbecue and so on.
X. air pollution response mechanism
Establish a targeted air pollution response mechanism to improve the level of pollution response. The main mechanisms include: tamping the heavy pollution weather emergency emission reduction list, according to the requirements of our city's heavy pollution weather emergency plan, organizing the enterprises included in the heavy pollution weather emergency emission reduction project list to work out the emergency response operation plan in accordance with the principle of "one plant, one policy". And make the operation plan public signs, installed in the plant entrance and other prominent positions, when starting the heavy pollution weather emergency plan, timely implement emergency response measures; From July to September, in addition to emergency maintenance and major projects, paint painting and spraying operations for urban furniture, bridges, road railings, building facades and other maintenance and maintenance will be stopped in principle, so as to reduce the emission of volatile organic compounds and alleviate ozone pollution in summer and autumn; when air pollution reaches a certain extent, temporary air pollution control and control mechanisms shall be implemented according to the forecast and forecast of air quality to reduce the degree of air pollution.