BEIJING, April 23 Xinhua) -- China's manufacturing activity picked up momentum in April but still remains below the boom-or-bust level, according to a reading of the manufacturing purchase manager index (PMI) released by HSBC on Monday.
The flash China manufacturing PMI hit a two-month high of 49.1 in April, up slightly from 48.3 in March, according to HSBC.
A reading above 50 suggests expansion, while a reading below 50 indicates contraction.
"Since the April flash PMI ticked higher, this suggests that previous easing measures have started to work and should therefore ease concerns of a sharp growth slowdown," said Qu Hongbin, chief economist at HSBC China and co-head of Asian Economic Research at HSBC.
"In an historical context, the pace of both output and demand growth has remained at a low level and the job market is under pressure. This calls for additional easing measures in the coming months. We expect monetary and fiscal easing to speed up in the second quarter," Qu said.
HSBC's preliminary figure for the Chinese PMI is calculated based on 85 to 90 percent of the total responses to HSBC's monthly PMI survey, and is issued about one week before the final PMI reading.
The National Bureau of Statistics and the China Federation of Logistics and Purchasing are expected to release official PMI data for April on May 1. The official PMI data are based on a survey of purchasing managers in more than 820 companies in 20 industries.
The official PMI results were not in line with the HSBC reading last month, suggesting different outlooks for China's manufacturing activity.
The official PMI beat the expectations of most analysts and jumped to 53.1% in March, 2.1 percentage points higher than a month earlier
HSBC placed China's final March PMI at 48.3, representing a decline for five consecutive months.
HSBC economist Qu Hongbin attributed the difference between the official and HSBC readings to different survey samples and methods of seasonal adjustment.
The calculation of the official PMI index covers more than 800 enterprises, including more state-owned and large enterprises, while HSBC's poll includes around 400 small- and medium-sized companies.