SMM7 March 16: today, Li Xinmin, an inspector of the pollution Prevention and Control Department of the Ministry of Environmental Protection, brought a speech on the theme of "implementing the solid waste Law to promote the green and low-carbon circular development of the non-ferrous industry" at the second China (Yingtan) Copper Industry Summit and the 15th China International Copper Industry chain Summit. It mainly focuses on three major points: the revision process and main characteristics of the new "solid waste Law", the opportunities and challenges of green and low-carbon development in the non-ferrous industry, and the implementation of the new "solid waste Law" in the non-ferrous industry.
The revision process and main characteristics of the New solid waste Law
Brief introduction of each single method of ecological environment:
1 the Water pollution Prevention and Control Law was enacted in 1984, revised twice in 1996 and 2008, and amended for the second time in 2017.
(2) the Air pollution Prevention and Control Law was enacted in 1988 and revised in 2015 and 2018;
(3) the noise Law was enacted in 1995 and revised for the first time in 2004.
(4) the Environmental impact Assessment Law was enacted in 2002; amended in 2016; the second amendment in 2018;
5 the Law on Prevention and Control of soil pollution was adopted at the Fifth meeting of the standing Committee of the 13th National people's Congress on August 31, 2018 and implemented in 2019.
The frame structure of the Law on Prevention and Control of Environmental pollution by solid waste
The solid waste Law consists of 126 articles in 9 chapters, with an increase of 41 articles and changes of 65 articles compared with the original law; adding chapters on "safeguard measures"; deleting inapplicable clauses or words; adjusting the structure of provisions; expanding management content and establishing a new management system; increase the types of fines, increase the intensity of penalties, and increase the amount of penalties.
Prevention and control of environmental pollution by solid waste. Protect public health, maintain ecological security, promote the construction of ecological civilization, and promote sustainable economic and social development. (article 1)
Remarkable characteristics of the Law on Prevention and Control of Environmental pollution by solid waste
Adhere to the problem-oriented response to concerns and clear responsibilities
The state promotes a green development mode and a green and low-carbon way of life; local people's governments at all levels are responsible for the prevention and control of solid waste pollution in their respective administrative areas; the competent department of ecological environment under the State Council shall exercise unified supervision and administration over the prevention and control of solid waste pollution throughout the country (articles 7, 8 and 9)
All units and individuals should take measures to reduce the production of solid waste, promote comprehensive utilization, reduce the harm of solid waste, and minimize the amount of solid waste landfill. (article 4)
The state has gradually realized zero import of solid waste (Article 24).
Improving the long-term Mechanism of long-term Prevention and Control of Environmental pollution by solid waste (1)
The prevention and control of environmental pollution by solid waste shall adhere to the principles of reduction, resource utilization and harmlessness; (article 4)
The state implements the target responsibility system, assessment and evaluation system for the prevention and control of solid waste pollution, and accepts the assessment system. To establish a joint prevention and control mechanism for the prevention and control of environmental pollution caused by solid waste across administrative regions (articles 7 and 8)
Establish industrial solid waste management account, (record the type, quantity, flow direction, storage, utilization, disposal and other information of industrial solid waste, and the recorded information can realize the traceability and inquiry of industrial solid waste; (article 36)
New provisions on the liability of both parties for the entrusted disposal of solid waste. The consignor shall examine the principal qualification of the trustee and specify the requirements of the measures for the prevention and control of environmental pollution caused by solid waste in the contract, and the trustee shall inform the consignee of the disposal (Article 37).
Improve the long-term mechanism for the prevention and control of environmental pollution by solid waste (2)
Improve the system of comprehensive utilization of solid waste. The formulation of technical standards and the comprehensive utilization of solid waste shall abide by the laws and regulations on the ecological environment and conform to the technical standards for the prevention and control of solid pollution. The use of products from comprehensive utilization of solid waste shall conform to the uses and standards prescribed by the State (Article 15)
Establish a national information platform for the prevention and control of environmental pollution caused by hazardous wastes and other solid wastes, and promote the monitoring and information tracing of the whole process of collection, transfer and disposal of solid wastes.
(article 16). Units that collect, store, utilize and dispose of hazardous wastes shall take out environmental pollution liability insurance. (article 99).
To establish a credit record system for units and other producers and operators that produce, collect, store, transport, utilize and dispose of solid waste (Article 28).
Further promote the disclosure of information; open to the government and enterprises; open to the society and the public, in accordance with the law, on a regular basis and in a timely manner;
Add and improve a number of management systems for the prevention and control of environmental pollution caused by industrial solid waste
1. Make it clear that the sewage discharge permit system is applicable to industrial solid waste (Article 39)
2. Retain and improve the systems of "environmental impact assessment", "three simultaneous", "polluter responsibility" and "compulsory audit of cleaner production"; (articles 4, 5, 17, 18, 38).
3. Establish the extension system of producer responsibility, and the state establishes the extension system of producer responsibility for electrical and electronic products, lead storage batteries, vehicle power batteries and other products (Article 66). The extension of producer responsibility refers to the system in which the environmental responsibility of producers for their products extends from production to the whole life cycle of product design, circulation and consumption, recycling, waste disposal and so on.
Enforce the strictest legal liability
The legal liability of the new "solid waste Law" has increased from 21 to 23, increasing the types of penalties and the amount of fines, fully reflecting the "strict control of the source, the strict control of the process and the severe punishment of the consequences".
For those who dump, pile, discard or scatter sludge and treated sludge from urban sewage treatment facilities without authorization, engage in the collection, storage, utilization and disposal of hazardous waste without license, and import foreign solid waste into China or transfer hazardous waste through China, the maximum penalty shall be 5 million yuan.
The competent department of ecological environment shall seal up and detain those that may cause the loss, concealment or illegal transfer of evidence, or that may cause or may cause serious environmental pollution, and may impose daily or double penalties (Article 27). With the approval of the people's governments at all levels with the power of examination and approval, suspension of work or production may be implemented. Shut down the business.
Opportunities and challenges of Green and low-carbon Development in Nonferrous Industry
Since the reform and opening up, China's non-ferrous metal industry has developed rapidly, and the industrial scale has jumped to the first in the world.
In the production process, non-ferrous metals consume a lot of mineral resources, energy and water resources, resulting in a large amount of solid waste, waste water and waste gas; in 2006, the mining volume of non-ferrous metals is about 160 million tons, resulting in about 120 million tons of tailings, 7 million tons of red mud, 7.66 million tons of slag, more than 2.3 million tons of SO2 and 270 million tons of waste water.
At present, there is still a gap between domestic resource utilization technology and harmless advanced treatment technology and the international advanced level, and the utilization rate of solid waste is about 13%.
The recycled metal industry is an important part of China's non-ferrous metals industry. The output of recycled copper, aluminum, lead and zinc reached 14.37 million tons in 2019. Compared with the production of the same amount of primary metals, it can save 16.41 million tons of standard coal, save 1.98 billion cubic meters of water and reduce the production of solid waste by 1.72 billion tons.
National encouragement and support policy
The state encourages and supports scientific research, technological development, advanced technology popularization and scientific popularization in the prevention and control of solid waste pollution, and strengthens scientific and technological support for the prevention and control of solid waste pollution (Article 10).
Units that produce industrial solid waste shall make use of industrial solid waste in accordance with economic and technical conditions (Article 40).
The state shall adopt economic and technological policies and measures conducive to the prevention and control of environmental pollution caused by solid waste, strengthen the training and guidance of personnel engaged in the prevention and control of environmental pollution caused by solid waste, and promote the professional and large-scale development of the environmental prevention and control industry of solid waste pollution.
We will support waste production units, scientific research units, utilization units and disposal units to jointly tackle key problems, research and develop new technologies such as comprehensive utilization and centralized disposal of solid waste, and promote technological progress (articles 93 and 94).
Governments at all levels shall allocate necessary funds to support the development and research on the prevention and control of solid waste pollution and provide policy support. We will increase the amount of credit and enjoy tax concessions. Tax concessions shall be granted according to law to the property donated by the society for the prevention and control of environmental pollution by solid waste (articles 97 and 98).
Suggestions on the implementation of the New Law in Nonferrous Industry
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