The government workers made a report.
-May 22, 2020 at the third session of the 13th National people's Congress
Premier Li Keqiang of the State Council
Now, on behalf of the State Council, I would like to report to the Congress on the work of the government for deliberation and comments from members of the CPPCC National Committee.
The epidemic of Xinguan pneumonia is a public health event with the fastest spread, the widest range of infection and the most difficult to prevent and control since the founding of the people's Republic of China. Under the strong leadership of the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core, major strategic achievements have been made in epidemic prevention and control through the painstaking efforts and sacrifices of the whole country and the broad masses of the people. At present, the epidemic is not over yet, and the task of development is extremely arduous. Efforts should be made to minimize the losses caused by the epidemic and achieve this year's economic and social development targets.
I. Review of work in 2019 and since this year
Last year, China's development was faced with many difficulties and challenges. World economic growth is in the doldrums, international economic and trade frictions have intensified, and downward pressure on the domestic economy has increased. The Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core uniting and leading the people of all ethnic groups across the country to overcome difficulties, accomplish the main goals and tasks for the whole year, and lay a decisive foundation for building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way. -the overall operation of the economy is stable. GDP reached 99.1 trillion yuan, an increase of 6.1%. 13.52 million new jobs were created in cities and towns, and the unemployment rate was less than 5.3%. Consumer prices rose 2.9%. The balance of payments is basically balanced.
-the economic structure and regional layout continue to be optimized. The total retail sales of consumer goods exceeded 40 trillion yuan, and consumption continued to play a major pulling role. Advanced manufacturing and modern service industries are growing rapidly. Grain output remained above 1.3 trillion jin. The urbanization rate of the resident population exceeded 60% for the first time, and major regional strategies were deeply implemented.
-the development of new kinetic energy is constantly increasing. A number of major achievements have been made in scientific and technological innovation. Emerging industries continued to grow, and traditional industries accelerated their upgrading. Mass entrepreneurship and innovation have been carried out in depth, and the number of enterprises has increased by more than 10,000 per day.
-important steps have been made in reform and opening up. Supply-side structural reform continued to deepen and new breakthroughs were made in important areas. The tax cut was 2.36 trillion yuan, more than the original size of nearly 2 trillion yuan, with manufacturing and small and micro enterprises benefiting the most. The task of reforming government institutions has been completed. The reform of "release management and service" has been pushed forward in depth. Set up a scientific innovation board. New achievements have been made in jointly building the Belt and Road Initiative. Regulations on the implementation of the Foreign Investment Law have been issued and a new area of Shanghai Free Trade pilot Zone has been added. Foreign trade and foreign investment remained stable.
-key progress has been made in the three major battles. The number of people living in poverty in rural areas has been reduced by 11.09 million, the incidence of poverty has dropped to 0.6 percent, and decisive achievements have been made in tackling poverty. Pollution prevention and control continued, the discharge of major pollutants continued to decline, and the ecological environment improved as a whole. Financial operation is generally stable.
-people's livelihood has been further improved. The per capita disposable income of residents exceeds 30,000 yuan. The level of basic old-age pension, medical care and minimum living security has been improved. The construction of affordable housing in cities and towns and the renovation of dilapidated houses in rural areas were further promoted. The number of students' living subsidies for compulsory education increased by nearly 40%, and the enrollment of higher vocational colleges increased by 1 million. We solemnly celebrate the 70th anniversary of the founding of the people's Republic of China, greatly arouse the patriotic enthusiasm of the people of all ethnic groups throughout the country, and gather the majestic forces to win the great victory of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era.
We will strengthen the building of the party's work style and a clean government, solidly carry out the education on the theme of "never forget the original mind and bear in mind the mission," strictly implement the spirit of the eight regulations of the Central Committee, continuously rectify the "four winds," and reduce the burden on the grass-roots level. Great power diplomacy with Chinese characteristics has yielded fruitful results. We successfully held major home diplomatic events such as the second Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation, and President Xi Jinping and other party and state leaders visited many countries. to attend major events such as the G20 Summit, the BRICS Summit, the CICA Summit, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization Summit, the Series of East Asian Cooperation leaders' meetings, China-EU leaders' meetings, and China-Japan-ROK leaders' meetings. Actively participate in the construction and reform of the global governance system and promote the building of a community with a shared future for mankind. Economic diplomacy and people-to-people exchanges have been fruitful. China has made important contributions to promoting world peace and development.
After the outbreak of Xinguan pneumonia, the CPC Central Committee made the prevention and control of the epidemic a top priority. General Secretary Xi Jinping personally directed and deployed, and insisted on putting people's lives and health first. Under the leadership of the CPC Central Committee, the central leading group for dealing with the epidemic situation studied and deployed in a timely manner, the central guidance group strengthened guidance and supervision, the joint prevention and control mechanism of the State Council was coordinated, all localities and departments performed their duties dutifully, and all sectors of society fully supported them. People's war, overall war, and resistance war for epidemic prevention and control were carried out. The vast number of medical personnel fought bravely, officers and men of the people's Liberation Army courageously shouldered heavy burdens, scientific and technological workers worked together to tackle key problems, community workers, public security cadres, grass-roots cadres, journalists and volunteers stuck to their posts, express delivery, sanitation, and anti-epidemic materials production and transportation personnel spared no pains, hundreds of millions of ordinary workers made silent contributions, the people of Wuhan and Hubei were indomitable, and people from all walks of life, compatriots from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, and overseas Chinese made donations and donations. The sons and daughters of China are in the same boat through ups and downs, watching and helping each other, building a towering Great Wall to fight the epidemic.
In the prevention and control of the epidemic, we pay close attention to all kinds of work in accordance with the general requirements of strengthening confidence, helping each other in the same boat, scientific prevention and control, and precise policies. Take emergency measures in time, implement Class A infectious disease management for Xinguan pneumonia, and initiate first-level response to major public health emergencies. We have resolutely won the defense wars in Wuhan and Hubei and achieved decisive results. We have resolutely implemented strict control measures, supported them with the strength of the whole country, dispatched more than 40,000 medical and health care personnel, rapidly expanded treatment beds, gave priority to ensuring medical materials, continuously optimized diagnosis and treatment plans, persisted in the integration of traditional Chinese and western medicine, and made all-out efforts to treat patients, so as to maximize the cure rate and reduce the case rate. Extend the national Spring Festival holiday, postpone the start of school, resume work flexibly, travel off peak, adhere to group prevention and control, adhere to the "four early", resolutely control the source of infection, and effectively curb the spread of the epidemic. Strengthen the research and development of drugs, vaccines and testing reagents. We will rapidly expand the production of medical materials, increase by a large margin in a short period of time, ensure the stable price of daily necessities, and ensure the smooth flow of transportation lines and the supply of coal, electricity, oil and gas. In response to changes in the epidemic, timely promote normal prevention and control. In view of the spread of the epidemic abroad, we should build a foreign defense input system in time and strengthen the care and care for Chinese citizens abroad. Actively carry out international cooperation, communicate epidemic information in a timely manner in an open, transparent and responsible manner, take the initiative to share epidemic prevention techniques and practices, and help each other and fight the epidemic together.
For a developing country with a population of 1.4 billion, it is very difficult and difficult to effectively control the epidemic in a relatively short period of time and ensure the basic livelihood of the people. We have also paid a huge price, with negative economic growth in the first quarter and an impact on the order of production and life, but life is paramount, and this is a price that must be borne and worth paying. We have made overall efforts to promote epidemic prevention and control and economic and social development, lost no time in promoting the resumption of work and production, introduced 90 policies and measures in eight areas, implemented assistance to enterprises to stabilize jobs, reduced some taxes and fees, exempted all toll roads, reduced energy costs, and issued discount loans. Issue local government special bonds in advance according to the procedure. Do not miss the time to catch spring ploughing. We will make unremitting efforts to get rid of poverty. We will grant subsidies to people in the first line of anti-epidemic and people in difficulty, and double the standard of temporary price subsidy. These policies have benefited hundreds of millions of people, timely and effectively promoted the stability of supply and prices and the resumption of work and production. China's economy has shown strong resilience and great potential.
The achievements in economic and social development since last year and in the prevention and control of the epidemic this year are the result of the strong leadership of the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core, and the result of Xi Jinping's ideological and scientific guidance on socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era. it is the result of the United struggle of the whole party, the whole army and the people of all ethnic groups throughout the country. On behalf of the State Council, I would like to express my sincere gratitude to the people of all ethnic groups throughout the country, to all democratic parties, people's organizations and people from all walks of life. I would like to express my sincere thanks to our compatriots in the Hong Kong Special Administrative region, the Macao Special Administrative region, Taiwan and overseas Chinese. I would like to express my sincere gratitude to the governments, international organizations and friends of all countries who care about supporting China's modernization drive and fighting the epidemic.
While affirming the achievements, we are also soberly aware of the difficulties and problems we are facing. Under the impact of the global epidemic, the world economy is in serious recession, the supply chain cycle of the industrial chain is blocked, international trade and investment is shrinking, and commodity markets are volatile. Domestic consumption, investment and exports have declined, the pressure on employment has increased significantly, the difficulties of enterprises, especially small and medium-sized enterprises, have been highlighted, risks have accumulated in finance and other areas, and the contradiction between revenue and expenditure at the grass-roots level has intensified. There are deficiencies in government work, formalism and bureaucracy are still prominent, and a small number of cadres do not act and will not act. Corruption is common in some areas. In the prevention and control of epidemic situation, many weak links have been exposed in public health emergency management, and some opinions and suggestions should be paid attention to. We must strive to improve our work, earnestly perform our duties and try our best to live up to the expectations of the people.
II. The main objectives of this year's development and the overall deployment of the next phase of work.
To do a good job in the work of the government this year, under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core and under the guidance of Xi Jinping's thought of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, we should fully implement the spirit of the 19th CPC National Congress and the second, third and fourth Plenary sessions of the 19th CPC Central Committee, resolutely implement the party's basic theory, basic line and basic strategy, enhance the "four consciousness", strengthen the "four self-confidence", and achieve the "two maintenance." We should pay close attention to the goal and task of building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way, make overall efforts to promote epidemic prevention and control, and promote economic and social development. Under the premise of normalizing epidemic prevention and control, we should adhere to the general tone of the work of seeking progress in the midst of stability, adhere to the new concept of development, take supply-side structural reform as the main line, persist in taking reform and opening up as the driving force to promote high-quality development, resolutely do a good job in the three major battles, and intensify the work of "six stability." We will ensure the employment of residents, the basic livelihood of the people, the main body of the market, food and energy security, the stability of the supply chain of the industrial chain, the operation of the grass-roots level, firmly implement the strategy of expanding domestic demand, and safeguard the overall situation of economic development and social stability. we will ensure that we will achieve the goal of getting rid of poverty in a decisive battle and build a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way.
At present and for some time to come, China's development is facing unprecedented risks and challenges, but we have unique political and institutional advantages, strong economic foundation, huge market potential, and the diligence and wisdom of hundreds of millions of people. As long as we face the challenges directly, strengthen our confidence in development, strengthen the driving force for development, and safeguard and make good use of the important strategic opportunities for China's development, we will certainly be able to overcome the current difficulties, and China's development will be full of hope.
Based on a comprehensive study of the situation, we have made appropriate adjustments to the expected goals considered before the epidemic. This year, we will give priority to stable employment and ensure people's livelihood, resolutely win the battle against poverty, and strive to achieve the goal of building a well-off society in an all-round way. More than 9 million new urban jobs have been created, the surveyed unemployment rate in cities and towns is about 6%, and the registered unemployment rate in cities and towns is about 5.5%. Consumer prices rose by about 3.5 per cent; imports and exports promoted stability and quality, and the balance of payments was basically balanced; and the growth of residents' income basically kept pace with economic growth. Under the current standards, all poverty-stricken people in rural areas have been lifted out of poverty, all poverty-stricken counties have taken off their caps, major financial risks have been effectively prevented and controlled, energy consumption per unit of GDP and emissions of major pollutants have continued to decline, and efforts have been made to achieve the targets and tasks of the 13th
It should be noted that we did not put forward a specific target for economic growth for the whole year, mainly because of the great uncertainty of the global epidemic and economic and trade situation, and China's development is faced with some unpredictable factors. This will help guide all parties to concentrate on doing a good job of "six stability" and "six guarantees." The "six guarantees" is the focus of this year's "six stability" work. By keeping the bottom line of the "six guarantees", we can stabilize the basic economic market, promote stability and strive for progress in stability, and lay a solid foundation for building a well-off society in an all-round way. It should be noted that whether it is protecting employment and people's livelihood, achieving the goal of getting rid of poverty, or preventing and defusing risks, it is necessary to have the support of economic growth, and stable economic operation has a bearing on the overall situation. It is necessary to use the methods of reform and opening up to stabilize employment, protect people's livelihood, promote consumption, stimulate the market, stabilize growth, and find a new way to effectively deal with shocks and achieve a virtuous circle.
A proactive fiscal policy should be more active and promising. This year, the deficit ratio is planned to be more than 3.6%, the fiscal deficit will be increased by 1 trillion yuan over last year, and 1 trillion yuan of special treasury bonds will be issued to fight the epidemic. This is a special measure in a special period. All the above 2 trillion yuan will be transferred to local governments, and special transfer payment mechanisms will be established. The funds will directly go to the grass-roots level in cities and counties, directly benefit enterprises and benefit the people, and will mainly be used to protect jobs, basic people's livelihood and the main body of the market. including supporting tax and fee reduction, rent and interest reduction, expanding consumption and investment, strengthening the attribute of public finance, and never allowing interception and misappropriation. It is necessary to vigorously optimize the structure of fiscal expenditure, increase but not decrease basic expenditure on people's livelihood, earnestly guarantee expenditure in key areas, resolutely reduce general expenditure, strictly prohibit new buildings and halls, and strictly prohibit extravagance and waste. Governments at all levels must be really tight, and the central government should take the lead in arranging negative growth in central-level expenditure, of which non-rigid expenditure should be reduced by more than 50%. All kinds of balances and precipitated funds should be collected and rescheduled. It is necessary to vigorously improve quality and increase efficiency, every expenditure must be carefully calculated, every sum of money must be spent on the cutting edge and critical parts, and the main body of the market and the masses of the people must have real feelings.
A prudent monetary policy should be more flexible and moderate. Comprehensive use of cut reserve requirements, interest rates, re-lending and other means to guide the broad money supply and social financing scale growth is significantly higher than last year. Keep the RMB exchange rate basically stable at a reasonable and balanced level. Innovative monetary policy tools that go directly to the real economy must facilitate corporate access to loans and keep interest rates down.
The policy of giving priority to employment should be comprehensively strengthened. Fiscal, monetary and investment policies should work together to support stable employment. We will strive to stabilize existing employment, actively increase new employment, and promote the re-employment of the unemployed. All localities should clean up and abolish unreasonable restrictions on employment, take measures to promote employment, and make full use of measures to expand jobs. Poverty alleviation is a hard task that must be accomplished in building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way. we must adhere to the current poverty alleviation standards, strengthen the implementation of poverty alleviation measures, ensure that all remaining poor people are lifted out of poverty, improve and implement the monitoring and assistance mechanism for those returning to poverty, and consolidate the achievements of poverty alleviation. It is necessary to do a good job in the defense of blue sky, clear water and pure land, and achieve the phased goals of the battle for pollution prevention and control. We will strengthen the prevention and control of major risks and resolutely defend the bottom line of systemic risks.
Nearly five months have passed this year, and in the next stage, we should not relax the prevention and control of the regular epidemic, and pay close attention to doing a good job in all aspects of economic and social development. The policies introduced are both strong and sustainable, and can be improved according to changes in the situation, and we have the determination and ability to achieve the annual goals and tasks.
Third, strengthen the implementation of macro policies and strive to stabilize enterprises and ensure employment
To ensure employment and people's livelihood, we must stabilize hundreds of millions of market players and try our best to help enterprises, especially small and medium-sized enterprises and individual industrial and commercial households, tide over the difficulties.
We will increase efforts to reduce taxes and fees. Strengthen phased policies, combined with institutional arrangements, release water for fish culture, and help the main body of the market to bail out and develop. This year, we will continue to reduce the rate of value-added tax and the rate of enterprise old-age insurance, and reduce taxes and fees by about 500 billion yuan. The policy of tax reduction and fee reduction due before June was introduced, including exemption from pension, unemployment and industrial injury insurance units of small and medium-sized enterprises, reduction of value-added tax for small-scale taxpayers, exemption of value-added tax for public transport, catering and accommodation, tourism and entertainment, culture and sports, and reduction of civil aviation development funds and port construction fees, all of which were extended until the end of this year. The payment of income tax for small and micro enterprises and individual industrial and commercial households will be postponed until next year. It is expected to reduce the burden on enterprises by more than 2.5 trillion yuan for the whole year. We must firmly put the policy of reducing taxes and fees to enterprises, stay in Qingshan and win the future.
We will promote the reduction of production and operating costs of enterprises. The policy of reducing industrial and commercial electricity prices by 5% will be extended until the end of this year. The average tariff for broadband and dedicated lines will be reduced by 15%. Reduce or reduce the rent of state-owned property, encourage all kinds of landlords to reduce or postpone the collection of rent, and give policy support. We will resolutely crack down on illegal charges related to enterprises.
Strengthen financial support for stable enterprises. The policy of delaying principal and interest payments on loans for small and medium-sized enterprises will be extended to the end of March next year. Loans for inclusive small and micro enterprises should be extended as much as possible, and loans for other enterprises in difficulty should be extended through negotiation. Encourage banks to substantially increase credit loans for small and micro enterprises, first loans, and loan renewal without principal repayment. Greatly expand the coverage of government financing guarantees and significantly reduce rates. The loan growth rate of inclusive small and micro enterprises of large commercial banks is higher than 40%. Support enterprises to expand bond financing. Strengthen supervision to prevent funds from "idling" arbitrage. Financial institutions and loan enterprises are symbiotic and prosperous, and banks are encouraged to make reasonable profits. In order to protect the main body of the market, the loan availability of small and medium-sized enterprises must be significantly improved, and the comprehensive financing cost must be significantly reduced.
Do everything possible to stabilize and expand employment. We will strengthen employment support for key industries and key groups. This year, the number of college graduates has reached 8.74 million. In order to promote market-oriented and socialized employment, universities and territorial governments should provide continuous employment services. We will do a good job in ensuring the employment of ex-servicemen. We will implement the policy of equal access to employment services for migrant workers in their places of employment. Help disabled people, families with zero employment and other difficult groups to obtain employment. There are hundreds of millions of flexible employees in China, including odd workers. This year, the policy of voluntary postponement of social security premiums has been implemented for low-income workers, and administrative fees related to employment have all been abolished. Subsidized to train and stabilize posts, more than 35 million people have been trained in vocational skills this year and next year, and higher vocational colleges have expanded their enrollment by 2 million people, so that more workers can acquire skills and obtain good employment.
Fourth, rely on reform to stimulate the vitality of the main body of the market and strengthen the new momentum of development.
The greater the difficulties and challenges, the more necessary to deepen reform, remove institutional obstacles and stimulate endogenous development.
We will deepen the reform of "releasing management and serving". Under the regular epidemic prevention and control, it is necessary to adjust measures and simplify procedures to promote the full resumption of work and production and the resumption of business in the city. Promote more service items to be done by Netcom, so that the whole process of enterprise start-up can be handled online. Relax restrictions on the registration of small and micro enterprises and individual industrial and commercial households to facilitate the registration and operation of all kinds of entrepreneurs and enjoy timely support policies. We will support the financing and development of large, small and medium-sized enterprises. Maintain fair competition with fair supervision and continue to create a market-oriented, legalized and international business environment.
We will promote the reform of market-oriented allocation of factors. Promote small and medium-sized banks to replenish capital and improve governance, and better serve small and medium-sized enterprises. Reform the gem and pilot the registration system. Strengthen the function of insurance protection. Give provincial governments greater autonomy in construction land. Promote talent flow, cultivate technology and data markets, and activate the potential of various elements.
We will enhance the effectiveness of the reform of state-owned enterprises. We will implement the reform of state-owned enterprises for three years. We will improve the regulatory system of state-owned assets and deepen the reform of mixed ownership. Basically complete the divestiture of the social functions of the office and solve the problems left over by history. State-owned enterprises should focus on the main business, improve the market-oriented management mechanism, and improve their core competitiveness.
Optimize the development environment of private economy. We will ensure that private enterprises have equal access to factors of production and policy support, and clean up and abolish unreasonable regulations linked to the nature of enterprises. Time limit to repay the arrears of government agencies to the private sector and small and medium-sized enterprises. Build pro-Qing political and business relations and promote the healthy development of the non-public sector of the economy.
Promote the upgrading of manufacturing industries and the development of emerging industries. A substantial increase in medium-and long-term loans to the manufacturing sector. Develop industrial Internet and promote intelligent manufacturing. E-commerce online shopping, online services and other new forms of business have played an important role in the fight against epidemic. We should continue to introduce support policies, comprehensively promote "Internet +" and create new advantages in the digital economy.
Improve the ability to support scientific and technological innovation. Steadily support basic research and applied basic research, and guide enterprises to increase R & D investment. We will speed up the construction of national laboratories, reorganize the system of state key laboratories, and develop social research and development institutions. Deepen international scientific and technological cooperation. We will strengthen the protection of intellectual property rights. Implement key projects, "unveil the list and take the lead", and let whoever can do it.
We will further promote mass entrepreneurship and innovation. We will develop venture capital and increase guaranteed loans for start-ups. We will deepen the experiment of a new round of comprehensive innovation and reform, build a number of demonstration bases for mass entrepreneurship and innovation, adhere to inclusive and prudent supervision, develop a platform economy and a sharing economy, and greater stimulate social creativity.
V. implement the strategy of expanding domestic demand and accelerate the transformation of the mode of economic development
China has great potential for domestic demand, so it is necessary to deepen the supply-side structural reform, highlight the orientation of people's livelihood, and effectively combine and promote each other between boosting consumption and expanding investment. Promote a rebound in consumption. We will increase income and protect people's livelihood through stable employment, and improve residents' willingness and ability to spend. Support the resumption and development of catering, shopping malls, culture, tourism, housekeeping and other life services, and promote online and offline integration. We will develop services for the elderly and childcare. Transform and upgrade the pedestrian street. Support e-commerce and express delivery into rural areas and expand rural consumption. It is necessary to take more measures and expand consumption to meet the diversified needs of the masses.
Expand effective investment. This year, it is planned to allocate 3.75 trillion yuan of local government special bonds, an increase of 1.6 trillion yuan over last year, increase the proportion of special bonds that can be used as project capital, and invest 600 billion yuan within the central budget. We will focus on supporting the "two new and one heavy" construction that not only promotes consumption to benefit the people's livelihood, but also adjusts the structure to increase stamina, mainly to strengthen the construction of new infrastructure, to develop a new generation of information networks, to expand 5G applications, to build charging piles, to promote new energy vehicles, to stimulate new consumer demand, and to boost industrial upgrading. We should strengthen the construction of a new type of urbanization and vigorously enhance the capacity of public facilities and services in the county to meet the increasing needs of farmers to work and settle down in the county. New construction and renovation of 39000 old urban areas, support the installation of elevators, the development of dining, cleaning and other community services. We will strengthen the construction of transportation, water conservancy and other major projects. The capital for national railway construction will be increased by 100 billion yuan. We will improve the market-oriented investment and financing mechanism and support the equal participation of private enterprises. It is necessary to optimize the project, leave no sequelae, and let the investment continue to produce benefits.
We will further promote a new type of urbanization. Give full play to the comprehensive leading role of central cities and urban agglomerations, cultivate industries and increase employment. Adhere to the positioning that the house is used to live, not for speculation, because of urban policies to promote the stable and healthy development of the real estate market. Improve convenient facilities to make the city more industrial and livable.
We will speed up the implementation of the regional development strategy. We will continue to promote the large-scale development of the western region, the all-round revitalization of the Northeast, the rise of the central region and the development of the Further promote the coordinated development of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei, the construction of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Australia Bay area, and the integrated development of the Yangtze River Delta. We will promote the Yangtze River economic belt and pay attention to great protection. To formulate an outline of the plan for ecological protection and high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin. Promote the construction of the Shuangcheng economic circle in Chengdu and Chongqing. We will accelerate the development of old revolutionary base areas, ethnic minority areas, border areas and poverty-stricken areas. Develop the marine economy.
We will implement a package of policies to support Hubei's development, support employment, people's livelihood and operation, and promote the comprehensive restoration of economic and social order. Improve the effectiveness of ecological environment management. We should give prominence to the treatment of pollution according to law, science and precision. We will deepen efforts to control air pollution in key areas. We will strengthen the construction of sewage and garbage disposal facilities. We will speed up the relocation and transformation of hazardous chemicals production enterprises. We will expand the industry of energy conservation and environmental protection. Severely punish illegal capture of sha and trade in wild animals. We will implement major projects for the protection and restoration of important ecosystems and promote the building of ecological civilization.
Ensure energy security. Promote clean and efficient utilization of coal, develop renewable energy, improve the production, supply and marketing system of oil, natural gas and electricity, and enhance energy reserve capacity.
VI. to ensure the realization of the goal of getting rid of poverty and promoting the increase of agricultural harvest and farmers' income.
We will implement measures to get rid of poverty and revitalize rural areas, ensure the supply of important agricultural products, and improve farmers' living standards.
We will resolutely win the battle against poverty. We will step up efforts to tackle the difficult problems in the remaining poor counties and villages, and the migrant workers should be employed steadily in the places where they are employed. We will carry out actions to help the poor through consumption and support the resumption and development of poverty alleviation industries We will strengthen follow-up support for poverty alleviation and relocation in different places. We will deepen cooperation between the eastern and western regions in poverty alleviation and central units designated poverty alleviation. Strengthen the protection of undercover. Do a good job in the general survey of poverty alleviation. We will continue to promote the effective connection between poverty alleviation and rural revitalization, and make all-out efforts to make people out of poverty move towards prosperity.
Efforts should be made to do a good job in agricultural production. We will stabilize the sown area and yield of grain, increase the multiple cropping index, raise the minimum purchase price of rice, increase incentives in major grain-producing counties, and vigorously control major diseases and insect pests. We will punish the illegal occupation of cultivated land and build 80 million mu of high-standard farmland. Deepen rural reform. Resume pig production. To consolidate the "rice bag" provincial governor responsibility system and the "vegetable basket" mayor responsibility system. The rice bowls of 1.4 billion Chinese people, we have the ability and must firmly in our own hands.
We will expand the channels for increasing farmers' employment and income. We will support farmers to find jobs and start businesses nearby, expand the scale of work relief, and allow migrant workers to return home to work and earn money. Support the main body of moderate scale operation and strengthen the socialized service of farmers. We will increase investment in special bonds, support modern agricultural facilities, drinking water safety projects and the improvement of the living environment, and continuously improve the production and living conditions of farmers.
VII. promote a higher level of opening up to the outside world and stabilize the basic market of foreign trade and foreign investment
In the face of changes in the external environment, we should unswervingly open wider to the outside world, stabilize the industrial chain supply chain, and promote reform and development through opening up.
We will promote the basic stability of foreign trade. Focus on supporting enterprises to increase orders, secure jobs, increase credit, expand the coverage of export credit insurance, reduce import and export compliance costs, and support the conversion of export products to domestic sales. Speed up the development of cross-border e-commerce and other new forms of business, and enhance the capacity of international freight transport. We will promote a new round of pilot projects for the innovative development of trade in services. Prepare for the third Expo, actively expand imports and develop a higher level of world-oriented market.
Actively utilize foreign capital. Significantly reduce the negative list of foreign investment access and introduce a negative list of cross-border service trade. We will give the free trade pilot area greater autonomy in reform and opening up, speed up the construction of a free trade port in Hainan, and set up new free trade pilot zones and comprehensive bonded areas in the central and western regions.
We will increase the number of comprehensive pilot projects for opening up the service sector. To create a market environment in which domestic and foreign enterprises are treated equally and compete fairly.
We will jointly build the Belt and Road Initiative with high quality. Adhere to joint discussion, co-building and sharing, follow market principles and international rules, give full play to the main role of enterprises, and carry out mutually beneficial cooperation. To guide the healthy development of foreign investment.
We will promote trade and investment liberalization and facilitation. Firmly safeguard the multilateral trading system and actively participate in the reform of the WTO. We will promote the signing of regional comprehensive economic partnership agreements and free trade negotiations between China, Japan and South Korea. We will jointly implement the first phase of the Sino-US economic and trade agreement. China is committed to strengthening economic and trade cooperation with other countries to achieve mutual benefit and win-win results.
VIII. Promoting the reform and development of social undertakings around ensuring and improving people's livelihood
In the face of difficulties, we should firmly grasp the bottom line of basic people's livelihood and strive to do a good job in matters of concern to the masses.
We will strengthen the building of the public health system. Adhere to the supremacy of life, reform the disease prevention and control system, improve the direct reporting and early warning system of infectious diseases, and release epidemic information in a timely and transparent manner. We will make good use of special anti-epidemic treasury bonds, increase investment in research and development of vaccines, drugs and rapid testing technology, increase medical facilities for epidemic prevention and treatment, increase mobile laboratories, strengthen emergency supplies, and strengthen health and epidemic prevention at the grass-roots level. Carry out a patriotic health campaign in depth. It is necessary to greatly enhance the ability of prevention and control, resolutely prevent the rebound of the epidemic, and resolutely protect people's health.
Improve the level of basic medical services. The per capita financial subsidy for medical insurance for residents will be increased by 30 yuan, and a pilot project will be carried out to directly settle outpatient expenses across provinces. Give support to the medical institutions affected by the epidemic. Promote the revitalization and development of traditional Chinese medicine. Strict food and drug supervision to ensure safety.
We will promote the fair development and improvement of the quality of education. Organize the education and teaching of primary and secondary schools and the college entrance examination in an orderly manner. We will strengthen the construction of township boarding schools and county schools, do a good job in special education and continuing education, support and standardize non-governmental education, and help civilian-run kindergartens to alleviate their difficulties. We will promote the construction of first-class universities and first-class disciplines. We will expand the scale of enrollment of colleges and universities in rural areas and poor areas. To optimize the investment structure, so that educational resources benefit all families and children, so that they have a brighter future.
We will increase efforts to ensure the basic livelihood of the people. We will raise basic pensions for retirees and raise the minimum standard of basic pensions for urban and rural residents. Nearly 300 million people across the country receive pensions and must ensure that they are paid in full and on time. We will improve the system of preferential care and resettlement for ex-servicemen. Do a good job in providing pensions for those who died in the line of duty. We will expand the scope of unemployment insurance and include migrant workers and other unemployed people who have been insured for less than one year. We will expand the scope of the minimum living security, cover all families in urban and rural areas in need, and include urban unemployed and returnees who meet the requirements in a timely manner. Relief should be provided to those who encounter temporary difficulties as a result of disaster and illness. It is necessary to ensure the basic livelihood of all people in need, and to protect the people's livelihood will certainly help more unemployed people find jobs and dare to start their own businesses.
Enrich the spiritual and cultural life of the masses. Cultivate and practice socialist core values and develop philosophy and social sciences, press and publication, radio, film and television, cultural relics and other undertakings. Strengthen public cultural services, prepare for the Beijing Winter Olympic Games and Paralympic Games, and promote national fitness so as to make the whole society full of vitality and progress.
Strengthen and innovate social governance. Improve the function of community service. Support the healthy development of social organizations, humanitarian assistance, voluntary service, philanthropy and so on. The legitimate rights and interests of women, children, the elderly and the disabled shall be protected. We will improve the system of letters and visits, strengthen legal aid, and solve the reasonable demands of the masses in a timely manner. Carry out the seventh national census. We will strengthen the building of national security capacity. Crack down on all kinds of crimes in accordance with the law and build a higher level of safe China.
Strengthen the responsibility for production safety. Strengthen the prevention of floods, fires, earthquakes and other disasters, do a good job in meteorological services, and improve the ability of emergency rescue and disaster prevention and reduction. Carry out special rectification of production safety. We will resolutely curb the occurrence of major and serious accidents.
In the face of arduous and arduous tasks, governments at all levels should consciously maintain a high degree of consistency in ideology, politics and action with the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core, practice the idea of people-centered development, and implement the requirements of administering the party strictly in an all-round way. adhere to administration according to law, adhere to the openness of government affairs, and improve the ability of governance. It is necessary to accept the supervision of the people's congresses and their standing committees at the same level, consciously accept the democratic supervision of the CPPCC, and take the initiative to accept the supervision of society and public opinion. Strengthen audit supervision. Give full play to the role of trade unions, the Communist Youth League, women's federations and other mass organizations. Government functionaries should consciously accept the supervision of the law, supervision and the people. We will strengthen the building of a clean government and resolutely punish corruption.
Governments at all levels should always adhere to seeking truth from facts, firmly grasp the basic national conditions of the primary stage of socialism, follow objective laws, proceed from reality, and do a good job in their own affairs. Great efforts should be made to rectify the "four winds", free the broad masses of grass-roots cadres from the shackles of formalism, take responsibility for the bearers, and let the performers fulfill their responsibilities. We should closely rely on the masses of the people, respect the spirit of initiative at the grass-roots level, promote reform and opening up with greater efforts, stimulate social vitality, and gather the wisdom and strength of hundreds of millions of people.This is our strength to overcome all difficulties and challenges. The vast number of cadres should not avoid difficulties, work hard, concentrate on development and protect people's livelihood. As long as we always share joys and sorrows with the people and forge ahead, the aspirations of the Chinese people for a better life will certainly come true.
This year, we will work out the 14th five-year Plan and draw up a blueprint for the new journey of the second centenary goal.
We should adhere to and improve the system of regional ethnic autonomy, support the accelerated development of ethnic minorities and ethnic minority areas, and forge a strong sense of community of the Chinese nation. We will fully implement the Party's basic policy on religious work and give full play to the positive role of religious figures and believers in promoting economic and social development. Overseas Chinese are the concern of the motherland and an important bridge connecting the world. We should give full play to the unique advantages of overseas Chinese and their relatives, constantly enhance the cohesion of the sons and daughters of China, and work together to create resplendence.
Since last year, important progress has been made in the building of national defense and the army, and the people's army has demonstrated its fine style of following the party's command, acting on orders, and courageously shouldering heavy responsibilities in the prevention and control of the epidemic. It is necessary to thoroughly implement Xi Jinping's thinking on strengthening the army, thoroughly implement the military strategic policy for the new era, and persist in building the army through politics, reform, science and technology, strengthening the army with talents, and running the army according to law. Adhere to the party's absolute leadership over the people's army and strictly implement the system of responsibility of the chairman of the Central military Commission. Firmly safeguard national sovereignty, security and development interests. We will do a good job in the 13th five-year Plan for army building and development, implement the battle against difficult positions, and formulate the 14th five-year Plan for army building. We will deepen the reform of national defense and the armed forces, improve logistics and equipment support capabilities, and promote the innovation and development of national defense science and technology. We will improve the national defense mobilization system and keep the unity between the army and the government and between the army and the people as solid as a rock.
We should comprehensively and accurately implement the principles of "one country, two systems", "Hong Kong people ruling Hong Kong", "Macao people ruling Macao" and a high degree of autonomy, establish and improve the legal system and enforcement mechanism for safeguarding national security in the Special Administrative region, and implement the constitutional responsibilities of the SAR Government. Support Hong Kong and Macao in economic development, improve people's livelihood, better integrate into the overall situation of national development, and maintain the long-term prosperity and stability of Hong Kong and Macao. We must adhere to the major policies for Taiwan work and resolutely oppose and curb the separatist acts of "Taiwan independence." By perfecting institutional arrangements and policy measures for promoting cross-strait exchanges and cooperation, deepening cross-strait integration and development, and ensuring the well-being of Taiwan compatriots, and uniting the broad masses of Taiwan compatriots to oppose "Taiwan independence" and promote reunification, we will certainly be able to create a bright future for national rejuvenation. Countries should work hand in hand to deal with global challenges such as the public health crisis and the severe economic recession. China will strengthen cooperation with other countries in epidemic prevention, promote world economic stability, promote global governance, maintain the international system with the United Nations as the core and the international order based on international law, and promote the building of a community with a shared future for mankind. China unswervingly follows the path of peaceful development and deepens friendly cooperation with other countries in the course of opening wider to the outside world. China has always been an important force in promoting world peace, stability, development and prosperity.
The Chinese nation has never been afraid of difficulties and obstacles, and the contemporary Chinese people have the firm will and ability to overcome any challenge. We should unite more closely around the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core, hold high the great banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics, face up to difficulties and forge ahead under the guidance of Xi Jinping's thought of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era. we will make overall efforts to promote epidemic prevention and control and economic and social development, and strive to achieve the goals and tasks for the whole year. We will make unremitting efforts to build our country into a prosperous, strong, democratic, civilized, harmonious and beautiful modern socialist power and to realize the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.