On the evening of July 16, local time, the European Parliament voted to elect German Ursula von der Lane as the next president of the European Commission. Von der Lean will begin a five-year term in November and become the first female president of the European Commission. Von der Lean promised on the same day that he would build a strong and United European Union, and said he would do more to combat climate change and digital taxes.
Weak advantage in risk clearance
The European Parliament currently has a total of 747 members. In the evening vote, von der Rehn received 383 votes in favour, with 327 votes against and 22 abstention (and one invalid vote). Von der Lean passed by a narrow margin and will officially succeed Juncker, the current president of the European Commission, on November 1, becoming the first female president of the European Commission.
After the election results were announced, von der Lean appeared as president of the European Commission. She thanked lawmakers for their support. "your trust in me is confidence in Europe," she said, believing that Europe is ready to fight for the future rather than fighting each other. Von der Lean also pointed out that the post of president of the European Commission has a heavy responsibility and an arduous task, and hopes that all people will uphold a constructive attitude and work together to build a United and strong Europe.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel issued a statement congratulating him on his election as the next president of the European Commission. Merkel said that the European Commission will have a confident and convincing leader, and the European Union will meet the current challenges with full vitality.
Since Merkel came to power in 2005, von der Lean has been a member of the German cabinet, family minister, labor minister, in 2013, became Germany's first female defense minister, and has served so far. John Waldorf, vice chairman of the foreign and defense policy group of the Bundestag, a coalition party, said von Delaine is a close ally of Merkel and the two have been working together in the German government for nearly 14 years and have no barriers to communication. Mr von der Lean's election will strengthen Ms Merkel's influence in the EU.
With the active promotion of von Delaine, defense cooperation has gradually become one of the highlights of German-French relations. As a result, French President Macron was the first to nominate von der Lean as the new president of the European Commission at the previous special summit of the European Union. Reported that in the nomination and consultation of EU institutional leaders in the process, Macron's support for von der Lane is very critical. Macron believes von der Lean will cooperate with the strengthening of Germany and France to jointly defend.
Pascal Bonifaz, director of the French Institute for International and Strategic Relations and chairman of the European Commission, said she could push for greater strategic autonomy in Europe. The new EU leadership led by von Delaine "will take a stronger and stronger stand than its predecessor in safeguarding Europe's strategic autonomy".
According to EU electoral rules, a candidate for president of the European Commission needs to win at least 374 votes from 747 members of the European Parliament to successfully take charge of the European Commission. Von der Lane was endorsed by the European Parliament by a narrow margin of nine votes. It is widely believed that the failure of von der Lean to get more than 400 consenting votes is not a good start for the two major EU institutions of the European Commission and the European Parliament, and there may be more frictions in the future.
Emergence of policy agenda
On the morning of the 16th, von der Lean delivered a speech at the European Parliament, publicly introducing his platform and making commitments. It is widely believed that the content of von der Lean's speech can be regarded as his policy agenda for the next five years.
In his speech, von der Lane said he would adopt a fair tax policy for the real and online industries. In recent years, there have been voices in the European Union that the tax burden on Internet companies is too light, but efforts to introduce a so-called "digital tax" at the EU level have stalled recently. Mr von der Lean's comments could add to the EU's determination to raise taxes on internet companies, mainly US internet giants.
The European Commission introduced a draft law in March 2018, which proposes to provide that any EU member state may tax profits generated by Internet operations that occur in its territory. Once this measure is implemented, it will cause "rain and dew" in the member states of the European Union. However, due to the firm opposition of a small number of member States, the legislation is currently at a standstill at the EU level. Recently, the French legislature passed a bill to impose a digital services tax on Internet giants, sparking a strong backlash in the United States and reviving attention to the topic.
Mr von der Lean says it is unacceptable for technology giants to enjoy the European education system, high-quality labour, infrastructure and social security when they make huge profits in Europe, but to play with the European tax system. "if they want to benefit, they have to bear tax liability."
In addition, von der Lane devoted more space to environmental issues in his speech. She said that the European Union will make greater efforts to combat climate change, and that Europe's target of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 40 percent from 1990 is insufficient by 2030. She promised that under her leadership, the EU would meet its 50-55 per cent emissions reduction target by 2030, achieve "carbon neutralization" by 2050 and include that target in the EU's first law to address climate change. She also promised to transform some of the functions of the European Investment Bank into a "climate bank" to release 1 trillion euros ($1.12 trillion) of investment over the next decade.
On the trade front, von der Lean warned of the dangers of protectionism and stressed the need to preserve the WTO-based multilateral system. "We defend a rule-based order because we know it is better for all of us," Mr von der Lean stressed. The EU will continue to insist on transatlantic relations, but at the same time it will also be "more European". Von der Lane expressed his commitment to support growth and trade. "I believe we can strengthen Europe's role as a global leader and standard-setter through a strong, open and fair trade agenda. We believe in trade because it supports 36 million jobs and accounts for more than 1/3 of our gross domestic product (GDP). "
The challenges of the future
One of the biggest problems in the future will be Brexit, Mr von der Lean said. When it comes to Europe, she has to talk about the UK and, if necessary and for good reason, she can accept another delay in Brexit. However, the final decision on whether to extend Britain's Brexit will be in the hands of EU leaders. Mr von der Lean said he would work with British leaders in a "constructive" manner.
The polarization between the rich and the poor within the European Union and the high unemployment rate among young people have also aroused the concern of von der Lean. Mr von der Lean says a minimum wage that guarantees a decent living is needed; the EU-wide youth unemployment rate is as high as 14.2 per cent, with a minimum of 5 per cent and a maximum of 40 per cent in different member states, which is unacceptable.
Mr von der Lean also said a large number of stowaways to Europe had drowned in the Mediterranean over the past five years. It is an obligation to save lives at sea, while the EU needs more humane borders and a reduction in the number of irregular migrants. She stressed that it is very difficult to solve this problem and that the European Union should unite and work together.
In addition, the implementation of gender equality in the European Commission and the expansion of the powers of the European Parliament are also important challenges that von der Lean will face in the future.
Scan QR code and apply to join SMM metal exchange group, please indicate company + name + main business