SMM News: as an emerging photovoltaic market, Latin America has been attracting the attention of global investors / developers with its huge installed potential. However, different from the relatively mature markets such as Europe, Latin America is mainly driven by government-oriented electricity price bidding, especially large-scale projects, once the project is successful or the bid is cancelled, it will have a greater impact on the installation volume of the whole year.
Now that the second quarter is drawing to a close, let's take a look at the photovoltaic policies in these major markets and the progress of key bidding projects:
Mexico's fourth round of bidding cancelled and the government is planning to restart negotiations on previous bidding contracts
According to the latest data from the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), in 2018 alone, the number of photovoltaic installations in Mexico has increased from the original 674MW to 2.5GW, which is a well-deserved market star. The Mexican government has made three purchases since the implementation of energy reforms in 2015, distributing a total of about 6GW photovoltaic capacity. The third auction achieved the lowest ever bid price for solar energy in the world-$0.02057 per kilowatt-hour. There is also no shortage of investment and construction by international giants in Mexico. China Power Construction won the general contract and operation and maintenance contract for the Pachamama 375MW photovoltaic project and the Baudelero 296MW photovoltaic project in February and March, respectively, in the first half of this year.
The capital, Mexico City, is launching the Taiyang City project, which will install 350MW photovoltaic projects in this large city, which has received 7.929 billion Mexican pesos ($415.2 million) from the World Bank, accounting for the vast majority of the project funding. Mexico City Mayor Sheinbaum said, "We are talking about a very ambitious goal!" The project will reduce emissions of about 2 million tons of carbon dioxide for Mexico City. "
Unfortunately, the policy of the new Mexican president, Andr é s Manuel L ó pez Obrador, has cast a shadow over the national solar industry. Some of the large projects developed by the former president through the reform of the energy market have encountered obstacles with the new government. The fourth energy auction originally planned for the end of 2018 was never launched and was eventually cancelled by the new government in January. The power purchase agreement signed by the previous government a few years ago with CFE, a state-owned utility, could also be torn up.
At present, the Mexican government is planning to renegotiate previous competitive contracts, which will have a bearing on whether the overall installation volume this year can meet the expected value of 2.4GW.
Brazil recently released a final list of photovoltaic projects
On June 13, Brazil announced the final shortlist of a series of renewable energy bidding projects, which were further screened on the basis of the scope of the projects selected two months ago. As many as 751 photovoltaic projects have been registered since April, with a total installed capacity of 26.2 GW, but only about 700 have been shortlisted this time, with a total installed capacity of about 10GW. If these projects compete with wind, hydropower and other forms of power generation projects and sign contracts at the A-4 auction on June 28, the government will ensure the corresponding photovoltaic capacity.
The final finalists include Voltalia,Enerlife, Aurora Energia, Solatio, among which Voltalia is bidding for a 15.3MW project. Photovoltaic projects accounted for 29.7GW of the upcoming auction of energy projects ahead of 100GW in October.
As of June 11, Brazil's distributed generation had broken through the 1GW mark, a figure that ANEEL, the power watchdog, described as a "major breakthrough" and compared it to the "smartphone revolution" in telecommunications. Still, some in the photovoltaic industry warn that a change in support for distribution could lead to a slowdown in distributed generation.
The two companies that invested in the development of photovoltaic projects in Brazil in the first half of the year were EDP and McDonald's.
EDP, which has completed its largest photovoltaic project ever in Brazil, will provide all the clean electricity to a shopping mall in Rio de Janeiro. The 8.33MW project is the size of 24 football fields and uses 25440 photovoltaic modules. ANEEL, the Brazilian power agency, connected the photovoltaic power station to the grid through a 9.5km cable and operated it successfully. For (VillageMall), a shopping mall west of Rio de Janeiro, the solar power contract will reduce its carbon dioxide emissions by more than 227000 tons.
McDonald's, on the other hand, has signed solar power agreements at its branches in Brazil, totaling 5.3MW. Under the agreement, local power company AES Tiet à will develop a distributed power plant with a full use of 2.1photovoltaic modules, which will be decentralized in the states of Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro and S ã o Paulo, Brazil. The project will require an initial investment of about $7.75 million and will be overseen and operated by AES Tiete.
Brazil had a cumulative PV installation of about 2.3 GW at the end of 2018, and an A / 4 renewable energy bid will be held at the end of this month, with an auction price capped at R $276, or about 480.157 yuan / MWh.
Argentine Congress promotes the Development of Renewable Energy to cheer the Industry
On 13 June, a legislative initiative in Argentina to expand renewable energy was praised by local industry. The bill would set a 30 per cent renewable energy target by 2030, based on the existing 25 per cent target for 2025.
For Argentina, which currently has only 795MW photovoltaic projects waiting to bid, both Mexico's 2.5GW and Chile's 2.13GW are dwarfed, and Argentina is now catching up through bidding and other means.
In addition to pushing ahead with large photovoltaic projects as soon as possible, small systems are also being released, with a total of 128MW including a series of bids of all sizes of 1-50MW to be launched in July. Chile's installed photovoltaic capacity doubled between 2016 and 2018 (from the original 1.12GW to the present 2.13GW), and a series of utility projects around the Atacama Desert have made orderly progress in recent weeks, according to the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA).
The latest six projects in Chile, a total of 171MW, have been approved for the environment.
According to the latest report by the Chilean National Energy Commission (CNE), Chile's renewable energy installed capacity reached 4.906GW at the end of April, accounting for 21 per cent of the country's total installed capacity.
Renewable power plants generated 1032 GWhs, accounting for nearly 17 per cent of total electricity generation in April.
As of the end of April, 92 projects worth $4.8 billion (4.2 billion euros) were awaiting approval from the environmental authorities. Their total capacity is 16 new projects submitted for environmental assessment in 3452MW.4 month, with a total capacity of 533MW, of which 13 are solar and 3 are wind. In addition, a total of six solar projects, 171MW, were approved for the environment.
It is reported that Chile in the transport photovoltaic project 2382MW, pilot operation 380MW, under construction project 1358MW.
Peruvian government approves the latest 500MW giant photovoltaic power station
Preparations for the construction of a large photovoltaic power station in Peru have been approved by the government, dwarfing other power stations in Peru.
A recent resolution by the Peruvian Ministry of Energy authorized developer Kallpa Generaci ó n to conduct a feasibility study on the 500MW Solar Sunny power plant in an arid region of southeastern Peru.
The Secretary of Energy, Francisco í smodes, approved the application for research and requested that the assessment in the (La Joya) area of Baofeli (near the city of Arekipa) be completed within two years. In addition to complying with technical and safety regulations, there must be no adverse impact on the environment and local cultural heritage.
The government of Peruvian President Mart í n Vizcarra, who took office in March last year, is working to implement the climate change bill passed a year ago. We will strive to achieve complete electrification in rural areas by 2021.
Original title: recent situation of major photovoltaic markets in Latin America, great distributed potential for policy recovery