SMM6, 13 June 2019: on June 13, 2019, the Ministry of Ecological Environment interviewed six municipal governments, including Baoding and Langfang in Hebei Province, Luoyang, Anyang, Puyang, and Jinzhong, Shanxi Province, on the comprehensive control of air pollution in autumn and winter from 2018 to 2019, and called for the in-depth implementation of Xi Jinping's thinking on ecological civilization, further improving the political position, maintaining strategic stability, unwavering, unrelenting, and not opening up, and resolutely winning the blue sky defense war.
The interview pointed out that none of the six cities has completed the target task of improving air quality in autumn and winter from 2018 to 2019. During the autumn and winter period from October 2018 to March 2019, the average concentration of PM2.5 did not decrease but increased compared with the same period last year, and the air quality significantly worsened. In particular, recent special inspectors found that the efforts of these cities to promote the blue sky defense war have been relaxed, some key tasks have not been completed, some measures have been repeated, some problems have rebounded, and air pollution control work has lagged behind.
In autumn and winter from 2018 to 2019, the average concentrations of PM2.5, PM10, nitrogen oxides, carbon monooxide and ozone increased by 12.9%, 11.85%, 9.43%, 15.38% and 4.04%, respectively. The days of heavy pollution increased by 10 days compared with the same period last year, and the air quality seriously worsened. Inspectors also found that Baoding City on the comprehensive control of air pollution research and scheduling is insufficient, supervision and assessment is not strict, the intensity of promotion is weakened, the promotion of key tasks is not in place, and pollution control is not in place. Only 29.1% of the clean coal promotion tasks were completed in 2018. The fund raising of clean heating subsidy is not in place, the management is not standardized, the allocation is not timely, affecting the enthusiasm of the masses to use gas to use electricity to heat, and some coal-free areas have the situation of scattered coal reburning. At the beginning of 2019, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment found that the proportion of reburning of scattered coal in villages that had been replaced by cleanliness was as high as 36.1%, and a large number of scattered coal was dissociated from supervision. The municipal development and reform commission, the municipal original quality supervision bureau and other departments failed to perform their duties. In addition, the relevant departments and Qingyuan, Tang County and other districts and counties on the quality of oil products long-term control is not in place, the handling of personnel involved in the case, illegal site removal and other requirements are not in place. As of May 2019, the city had not issued a revised emergency plan for heavily polluted weather as required.
In autumn and winter from 2018 to 2019, the average concentrations of PM2.5, PM10, nitrogen oxides, carbon monooxide and ozone increased by 15.5%, 10.7%, 6.1%, 15% and 15.1%, respectively. The days of heavy pollution increased by 9 days compared with the same period last year, and the air quality seriously worsened. Inspectors also found that Langfang City attached great importance to the blue sky defense war significantly reduced, work requirements significantly relaxed, significantly weakened efforts to promote, resulting in inadequate pollution control, heavy pollution weather response. The market supervision departments at the municipal and county levels did not bring the oil products of their own gas stations into the scope of inspection, and the sulfur content of the oil products of Langfang Deji Machinery Co., Ltd. exceeded the standard by 3.2 times; the environmental pollution problem in the traditional industry rebounded obviously. the Ministry of Ecological Environment strengthened supervision and found nearly 1200 gas-related pollution problems in Langfang City, mainly related to plywood, printing, furniture and other traditional industries; the problem of reburning bulk coal in the whole city is prominent.
The average concentrations of PM2.5, PM10, nitrogen oxides and ozone in autumn and winter from 2018 to 2019 in Luoyang increased by 17.3%, 8.9%, 12.8% and 5%, respectively, and the days of heavy pollution increased by 18 days compared with the same period last year. Among them, the average concentration of PM2.5 increased by the first of the 11 cities in Fen-Wei plain, and the air quality seriously worsened. The inspector also found that Luoyang lacks the tenacity to continue to attack the blue sky defense war, and pays close attention to the implementation before and after loosening, resulting in lagging behind in the promotion of key tasks and inadequate response to heavily polluted weather. Of the 75 tasks clearly defined in the municipal action plan, 17 were not completed on schedule. The tasks of kiln waste gas treatment and "scattered pollution" inspection and treatment of 48 foundry enterprises, such as medium recasting and forging iron industry, were reported to be completed by the end of October 2018, but the inspection found that the relevant problems still existed; two coal-fired boilers in Luoyang Yongning Thermal Power Company continued to exceed the standard, but the city falsely determined that it had completed the task of raising standards on schedule. The city's coal control work is a mere formality, the actual coal consumption in 2018 exceeded the control target of about 1.8 million tons. The implementation of emergency emission reduction work in the city is not effective, and a large number of high-emission enterprises have not implemented emergency response measures.
The average concentrations of PM2.5, PM10, nitrogen oxides and ozone in autumn and winter from 2018 to 2019 in Anyang City increased by 13.7%, 6.9%, 4.1% and 10.6% respectively, the days of heavy pollution increased by 10 days compared with the same period last year, and the air quality seriously worsened. Inspectors also found that Anyang City on the blue sky defense war decision-making deployment is not in place, the ecological environment protection work performance assessment detailed, quantitative enough, law enforcement supervision is not strict. The progress of "retreating the city into the garden" of the heavy pollution enterprises in the urban built-up area and the optimization and integration of the ferroalloy industry and the relocation of the ferroalloy industry are seriously lagging behind. Henan Fengbao Special Steel, Anyang Huacheng Bosheng Iron and Steel, Linzhou heavy Machinery Lin Iron and Steel, Anyang Chemical Industry Group and other enterprises have prominent problems; some iron and steel casting, coal chemical, ceramic enterprises environmental protection facilities are simple and inefficient, Xinlei coal coking, Henan Liyuan coal coke and other enterprises have abnormal operation of pollution control facilities or excessive sewage discharge problems.
From 2018 to 2019, the average concentrations of PM2.5, PM10, nitrogen oxides and ozone in Puyang City increased by 20.5%, 13.2%, 4.7% and 11.4% respectively compared with the same period last year, and the days of heavy pollution increased by 18 days compared with the same period last year. The average concentration of PM2.5 ranked first in the "226" cities, and the air quality seriously worsened. Inspectors also found that Puyang City has failed to lead and promote the implementation of the Blue Sky Defense Organization, and that some important institutional measures in the fight against pollution have not been effectively implemented. Puyang City should complete the renovation of the chemical park by the end of September 2018, and should start the relocation and transformation of the urban and surrounding chemical enterprises according to the different marks of "red, yellow, blue and green". However, the whole city has adjusted the division of work many times, lack of effective organization and coordination, municipal industrial credit, hair reform, environmental protection and other departments prevaricate each other, the work lags behind seriously. Dust pollution control passive response, urban slag vehicles about 700, into the supervision of only more than 200. Only 723 gas-related enterprises were included in the emergency control of heavily polluted weather in 2018, less than half of the actual number. As of May 2019, 18 of the 46 key tasks in autumn and winter had not been completed.
The average concentrations of PM2.5, PM10, nitrogen oxides and ozone in autumn and winter from 2018 to 2019 increased by 4.5%, 2.3%, 11.5% and 3.5% respectively, the days of heavy pollution increased by 4 days compared with the same period last year, and the air quality worsened. Inspectors also found that Jinzhong City on the blue sky defense war as a whole is not enough, supervision and guidance and audit is not in place, the implementation of key work is not strong enough. There are 1882 enterprises in the emergency emission reduction list, but 50 of them account for about 27 per cent, 52 per cent and 56 per cent of the total emissions of dust, sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides, respectively. The problem of loose coal pollution in the whole city is still very serious. During autumn and winter, the hourly concentration of sulfur dioxide at the air quality monitoring station in the city exceeds 600 micrograms / cubic meter for more than 480 times, which is closely related to the extensive use of inferior bulk coal. Of the 90 key tasks included in the autumn and winter key plan, 21 have not been completed by May 2019.
The interview demanded that we should deepen air pollution control measures, improve the long-term mechanism, strengthen the common responsibility of the party and the government, and take air quality "only better, not worse" as the bottom line, mobilize, deploy, and increase efforts to control air pollution, grasp outstanding problems and key links, and pay close attention to implementation in the spirit of hammering nails to ensure the completion of the target task of improving air quality in 2020. According to the problems pointed out in the interview, the municipal party committee and municipal government of the six cities should scientifically formulate a rectification and reform plan, submit it to the Ministry of Ecological Environment within 20 working days, copy it to the provincial people's government, and make it open to the public at the same time.
At the meeting, Baoding Mayor Guo Jianying, Langfang Mayor Chen Ping, Luoyang Mayor Liu Wankang, Anyang Mayor Jin Lei, Puyang Mayor Yang Qingjiu, and Jinzhong City Mayor Chang Shuming all made speeches, expressing their sincerity in accepting the interview, facing up to the problems, making suggestions, perfecting the mechanism, and resolutely winning the battle for defending the blue sky.
According to SMM, the six cities involved in the aluminum industry chain are mainly in Luoyang and Jinzhong, including Luoyang area electrolytic aluminum production capacity of 1.12 million tons, alumina capacity of 1.4 million tons; Jinzhong area alumina production capacity of 2.8 million tons, is carrying out ultra-low emission limits and production line technical renovation work.