At the regular press conference of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on 16 May 2019, spokesman Lu Kang answered a series of questions raised by reporters at the scene, as follows:
Q: how does China view the relevant decisions of the US Department of Commerce concerning Huawei? Does this mean an escalation of the trade war between China and the United States?
A: do you mean that the US Department of Commerce added Huawei and its subsidiaries to the list of controlled "entities" on May 15?
The reporter clarified: yes.
As far as I understand it, my colleagues from the Department of Commerce may also state China's position on this decision of the US Department of Commerce this afternoon.
China has taken note of the decision of the US Department of Commerce. China has always demanded that enterprises conscientiously and strictly implement the relevant laws and regulations of the state export control, fulfill the relevant international obligations of export control undertaken by China, abide by the laws and policies of the host country in the course of overseas operations, and operate legally and in compliance with the law.
However, China firmly opposes any country imposing unilateral sanctions on Chinese entities in accordance with its own domestic laws, and also opposes the generalization of the concept of national security and the abuse of export control measures. We urge the US side to stop its erroneous practices, create conditions for normal trade and cooperation between enterprises of the two countries, and avoid further impact on Sino-US economic and trade relations. China will take necessary measures to resolutely safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of Chinese enterprises.
Q: about Huawei. In the context of the current Sino-US economic and trade frictions, what does China think of this? You just mentioned that it was the decision of the US Department of Commerce, but considering that this is an executive order signed by the President of the United States, does China think this means an escalation of the trade war?
A: I have just mentioned China's position on enterprises operating overseas. We have also said that we are firmly opposed to discriminatory and unfair practices by any country against enterprises in other countries on the grounds of generalization of national security. If this happens, the Chinese side will of course take the necessary measures to safeguard its legitimate rights and interests.
As for your question about what the Chinese side thinks of the US executive order, I think we can see from your question that no one will regard it as a constructive and friendly gesture.
Q: there is speculation that the US move could do harm to Huawei. Is China worried about this?
A: the Chinese Government is of course concerned about the legitimate rights and interests of Chinese enterprises. The Chinese government will also take necessary measures to safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of Chinese enterprises.
Q: you just said that China will take measures to safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of Chinese enterprises. What specific measures do you mean?
A: my colleague from the Ministry of Commerce should answer the reporter's questions today. As you can see, in fact, not only Huawei, but also in the process of trade and investment cooperation between China and foreign countries, on the one hand, the Chinese side requires Chinese enterprises to abide by local laws and regulations in the countries where they invest and operate. On the other hand, if Chinese enterprises are treated unfairly, the Chinese side certainly has the right to take the necessary measures to safeguard its legitimate rights and interests.
Q: on the 15th, US Treasury Secretary Mnuchin said that the United States and China held constructive talks during the 11th round of high-level economic and trade consultations, and he and Lettershitzer Trade Representative look forward to continuing their talks in Beijing in the near future. Has the Chinese side extended an invitation to the US side?
A: in international affairs, China has always advocated the settlement of differences through dialogue and consultation. With regard to the problems existing in Sino-US economic and trade relations, the Chinese side has always believed that solving the problems through dialogue is the right way. As we all can see, in the course of the Sino-US economic and trade consultations, even when the US side encountered difficulties in the consultations as a result of deviating from the due norms of the negotiations, the Chinese side still showed a constructive attitude as far as possible. This is obvious to all in the international community.
But I must stress that if the negotiations are to be meaningful, they must be in good faith. Judging from the performance of the US side in the previous negotiations, we must emphasize two points: first, we must adhere to principles, that is, we must respect each other, equality and mutual benefit. Second, we must keep our word, that is, we must keep our words and deeds, and we must not turn our hands into clouds or rain.
Q: the Dutch Cabinet issued the "China Policy document" yesterday, saying that although China is an important partner, the Netherlands should treat China in a more critical manner. What does China think of the Dutch report? Will the report have an impact on Sino-Dutch relations?
A: as a principle, China has always believed that if countries want to develop good relations that are in line with each other's common interests, they should strive to enhance mutual trust, accumulate consensus, and expand the results of cooperation. The efforts of the two sides to develop bilateral relations should not be easily affected by hearsay or external interference.
We have taken note of the China Policy document issued by the Dutch Government. The Netherlands is one of China's most important cooperative partners in the European Union. Sino-Dutch cooperation has always been the mainstream of bilateral relations and has brought tangible benefits to the two peoples over the years. China attaches great importance to the development of relations with the Netherlands and is willing to continue to carry out a high level of cooperation with the Netherlands on the basis of mutual respect and mutual benefit. We sincerely hope that the Dutch side can treat China's development objectively and fairly, and work with China to safeguard and promote the healthy and stable development of Sino-Dutch relations for the better benefit of the two peoples.
A: we have answered similar questions many times. This is not the first time a senior US official has proposed that the United States should carry out negotiations on nuclear disarmament and nuclear arms control with China. Frankly speaking, I have noticed that many professionals in the international arms control community have questions about this: does the United States want to talk about its nuclear forces to the level of China through such negotiations, or does it want to talk about China's nuclear forces to the level of the United States? As far as I can remember, it is basically the experts in the US arms control community who have raised such questions.
We have always maintained that States with the largest nuclear arsenal should effectively fulfil their special and priority responsibilities in nuclear disarmament, continue to implement and extend bilateral arms control treaties, and further reduce nuclear weapons in a verifiable and irreversible manner. This is the general consensus of the international community. The United States should not use other countries as an excuse to evade its responsibilities.
China firmly follows the path of peaceful development and pursues a defensive national defense policy. China's defense investment is reasonable and appropriate, and its nuclear forces have always been maintained at the lowest level needed to safeguard national security, which is not on the same order of magnitude as the United States and Russia, and the situation is completely different from that of the United States and Russia. On this issue, our attitude is very clear that China will not participate in negotiations on any trilateral nuclear disarmament agreement.
I would like to reiterate that China is firmly committed to multilateralism, always abides by its international obligations and commitments, and actively participates in global security governance. We will continue to work with the international community to promote world peace and stability in a responsible and constructive manner.
A: as a matter of fact, the so-called "theory of conflict of civilization" has long been abandoned by the world in the theoretical circle of international relations. It is just that when human society has made progress to this day, it is surprising that some people still advocate the so-called "theory of superiority of civilization" and "theory of conflict of civilization." this has shocked the international community and made the world even more vigilant.
In his speech at the opening ceremony of the Asian Dialogue of Civilizations yesterday, President Xi Jinping pointed out that human beings are only different in color and language, and civilization is only colorful, but there is no difference between the pros and cons. It is foolish in understanding and disastrous in practice to think that one's own race and civilization are superior to others, and that one's own race and civilization are superior, and that one's determination to transform or even attempt to replace other civilizations is foolish in understanding and disastrous in practice.
As you said, during the Asian Dialogue of Civilizations, people from the participating countries strongly agreed with President Xi's above remarks. They also believe that different civilizations are equal, that no civilization can replace others, and that no civilization can confine others. The diversity, independence and diversity of civilizations should be respected. Greek President Pavlopoulos has made it clear that the so-called "clash of civilizations" that some people are clamoring for is very wrong, and that there should not be, and will not be, a conflict and confrontation between real civilizations.
China has always maintained that only by strengthening communication, dialogue and mutual learning among civilizations can lasting peace in the world and prosperity and progress of mankind be realized. Building a community with a shared future for mankind is the Yangguan Avenue.
Q: it is understood that a few days ago, a spokesman for the Nigerian President said that during his meeting with the heads of Chinese enterprises, President Buhari said that thanks to the sincere help of China, the infrastructure of the country is being greatly improved. I would like to thank China for its tangible support and help. A presidential spokesman said that relevant Chinese companies are currently helping to build local railways, roads and ports, creating nearly 40,000 jobs in the region. What is China's comment?
Nigeria is the most populous developing country in Africa, and China is the largest developing country in the world. China-Nepal cooperation is equal and mutually beneficial, and it is brotherly South-South cooperation. We attach great importance to deepening Sino-Nepalese cooperative relations and are willing to strengthen the docking of development strategies with Nepal so as to better achieve mutual benefit and win-win results.
Q: the Canadian government says Canadian citizens Kang Mingkai and Michael have been formally arrested by the Chinese side. When were they arrested? Where was it transferred? What is China's response to the statement issued by Canada strongly condemning China for arbitrarily arresting the two men and demanding that China release them immediately?
A: on the first question, with the approval of the Chinese procuratorial organs, Kang Mingkai was arrested in accordance with the law on suspicion of spying on state secrets and intelligence crimes abroad and Michael on suspicion of stealing and illegally providing state secrets abroad.
On the second question, I must warn the Canadian side that we have briefed the relevant situation many times. China has taken compulsory measures against the two Canadian citizens you mentioned in accordance with the law, and now the Chinese procuratorial organs have also approved the arrest of them in accordance with the law. China has always acted in accordance with the law and hopes that the Canadian side will not judge the Chinese side about handling cases in accordance with the law.
Q: when were Kang Mingkai and Michael arrested? What are their specific charges? Can you tell them where they are now?
A: on the second question, Kang Mingkai was arrested in accordance with the law on suspicion of spying on state secrets and intelligence abroad, and Michael was arrested in accordance with the law on suspicion of stealing and illegally providing state secrets abroad.
On the first question, according to the information I have, they have recently been arrested in accordance with the law.
Third question, I do not have any information to provide you right now.
Q: can you confirm that they have entered the formal accusation stage?
A: as I said just now, Kang Mingkai was arrested in accordance with the law on suspicion of spying on state secrets and intelligence abroad, and Michael was arrested in accordance with the law on suspicion of stealing and illegally providing state secrets abroad.
Q: now that Michael and Kang Mingkai have been formally charged, are they allowed to see a lawyer?
A: from the beginning of this case, we have said that today I can still tell you responsibly that the Chinese judicial organs handle cases in accordance with the law and that their legitimate rights and interests are fully protected.
As for foreign enterprises in China, as long as they operate legally, there is no need to worry. However, I must stress that the economic, trade and investment relations between countries must be based on equality, mutual benefit and mutual respect.
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