China will significantly reduce emissions from the iron and steel industry by 2025 to complete more than 80% of the transformation of production capacity-Shanghai Metals Market

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China will significantly reduce emissions from the iron and steel industry by 2025 to complete more than 80% of the transformation of production capacity

Translation 11:38:26AM May 14, 2019 Source:Yangtze River Business Daily

An expert who has long been concerned about the development of the domestic iron and steel industry said in an interview with the Yangtze River Business Daily that the battle for the prevention and control of pollution is an inevitable requirement for the high-quality development of the iron and steel industry. The realization of high-quality development of the iron and steel industry is the fundamental way to solve the problem of environmental pollution. The introduction of "opinions" will help to promote the green development of the iron and steel industry.

Completion of ultra-low emission transformation of more than 80% in 2025

As the largest iron and steel producer in the world, the output of crude steel accounts for about half of the world's total output. The total output of the iron and steel industry is huge, the emission level is uneven, and the total emissions of the industry are still high. In recent years, China's iron and steel industry has made great progress, and has become one of the most globally competitive industries in China, but there is still a certain gap compared with the requirements of high-quality development.

At present, the iron and steel industry is one of the main sources of air pollution in China. It is estimated that sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and particulate matter emissions from the iron and steel industry accounted for about 7%, 10% and 20% of the country's total emissions in 2017, respectively. Since the implementation of ultra-low emissions in coal-fired power plants, the emission of pollutants in thermal power industry has been greatly reduced. In 2017, the discharge of major pollutants in the iron and steel industry has exceeded that of the power industry, becoming the largest source of pollutants in the industrial sector.

Promoting the implementation of ultra-low emissions in the iron and steel industry is an important measure to promote the high-quality development of the industry, promote industrial transformation and upgrading, and help win the blue sky defense war. Recently, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Transport and other five ministries jointly issued the "opinions on promoting the implementation of Ultra-low emissions in the Iron and Steel Industry." The opinion defines the overall thinking, basic principles, main objectives, target requirements, key tasks, policy measures and implementation guarantee for promoting the implementation of ultra-low emissions in the iron and steel industry.

The "opinion" proposes that the national new (including relocation) iron and steel projects should reach the ultra-low emission level in principle. To promote the transformation of ultra-low emissions of existing iron and steel enterprises, by the end of 2020, the transformation of ultra-low emissions of iron and steel enterprises in key areas will have made remarkable progress, strive to complete the transformation of about 60% of the production capacity, and promote the transformation of ultra-low emissions of iron and steel enterprises in other areas in an orderly manner. By the end of 2025, the transformation of ultra-low emissions from iron and steel enterprises in key areas will be basically completed, and efforts will be made to complete the transformation of more than 80% of the production capacity.

The "opinion" fully reflects the technical feasibility, and the requirements for ultra-low emissions are not "across the board." According to the characteristics of each production link of its industry, the target limits and control measures are put forward for organized emissions, unorganized emissions and bulk material product transportation, respectively.

Will increase the reduction of production capacity in key areas

The "opinions" should strengthen tax, capital, price, finance, environmental protection and other policies for enterprises that have completed the transformation of ultra-low emissions, strengthen the main responsibility of enterprises, strictly control the quality of projects, strictly evaluate and manage them, and strengthen supervision and law enforcement.

Preferential tax treatment shall be given to iron and steel enterprises that meet the conditions for ultra-low emissions. According to the opinion, if the concentration of taxable air pollutants is lower than 30% of the pollutant discharge standard, an environmental protection tax shall be levied at a reduced rate of 75%; if the concentration is less than 50%, an environmental protection tax shall be levied at a reduced rate of 50%. We will implement the preferential policy of enterprise income tax credit for the purchase of special equipment for environmental protection. According to the actual situation, the local governments can reward the iron and steel enterprises that have completed the transformation of ultra-low emissions. The surplus emission rights formed by the transformation of ultra-low emissions can be used for market trading. We will support qualified steel enterprises to issue corporate bonds for direct financing and raise funds for ultra-low emissions transformation and other areas.

For iron and steel enterprises that have not implemented the transformation of ultra-low emissions. The opinion requires that measures such as upgrading of pollution control facilities and strengthening the management of unorganized emissions should be taken to ensure that the discharge standards of national or local air pollutants are steadily met, and that the special emission limits of air pollutants should be implemented in key areas in accordance with the relevant provisions. If the discharge of sewage cannot be carried out in accordance with the permit, the treatment within a time limit shall be implemented, and the timetable and road map shall be clearly defined one by one in accordance with the principle of "one factory, one policy". Those who fail to meet the requirements within the time limit shall be severely punished in accordance with the regulations. If a sewage discharge permit is not obtained, the production shall be suspended or ordered to be shut down in accordance with the regulations.

The opinion also proposes that enterprises or facilities included in the phase-out plan no longer require ultra-low emissions conversion. We will step up efforts to reduce iron and steel production capacity in key areas, and Hebei Province will control steel production capacity within 200 million tons in 2020. The iron and steel enterprises listed in the capacity removal plan shall withdraw from the supporting equipment such as sintering, coke oven, blast furnace and so on. Iron and steel enterprises in key regional cities should take such ways as complete shutdown, transformation and development, local transformation, relocation outside the territory, and so on, to promote the transformation and upgrading.

Play a positive role in improving urban air quality

The concentration of iron and steel industry in China is also an important cause of regional air pollution. Some experts said that the steel production capacity of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei and its surrounding areas, the Yangtze River Delta region, the Fenwei Plain and other key areas for the prevention and control of air pollution accounted for 55 percent of the country's total production capacity, and the average PM2.5 concentration was also about 38 percent higher than the national average.

Emissions from iron and steel enterprises have a significant impact on urban air quality. The top 20 cities in China's iron and steel production capacity (production capacity accounts for 51% of the country's total production capacity) none of the air quality standards, the average PM2.5 concentration is 28% higher than the national average concentration. In 2018 168 cities ranked in the bottom seven cities in air quality, steel companies have a significant impact on the local ambient air quality.

"Ultra-low emission is the only way for the iron and steel industry to upgrade green and the trend of air pollution control in the future, and it is also an urgent social responsibility for iron and steel enterprises." An expert who has long been concerned about the development of the domestic iron and steel industry said in an interview with the Yangtze River Business Daily that the battle for the prevention and control of pollution is an inevitable requirement for the high-quality development of the iron and steel industry. The realization of high-quality development of the iron and steel industry is the fundamental way to solve the problem of environmental pollution. The introduction of "opinions" will not only help to promote the green development of the iron and steel industry, but also play a positive role in the improvement of urban air quality.

In order to ensure the smooth implementation of the ultra-low emission policy. The "opinion" requires that all localities should strengthen daily supervision and law enforcement inspection, and strictly punish enterprises that do not meet the standards and discharge pollutants in accordance with the regulations in accordance with the law. We will severely crack down on serious illegal acts such as fraud and suspending the transportation of environmental protection facilities without authorization, investigate and deal with them in accordance with the law, and investigate the responsibility of the relevant personnel.

China will significantly reduce emissions from the iron and steel industry by 2025 to complete more than 80% of the transformation of production capacity

Translation 11:38:26AM May 14, 2019 Source:Yangtze River Business Daily

An expert who has long been concerned about the development of the domestic iron and steel industry said in an interview with the Yangtze River Business Daily that the battle for the prevention and control of pollution is an inevitable requirement for the high-quality development of the iron and steel industry. The realization of high-quality development of the iron and steel industry is the fundamental way to solve the problem of environmental pollution. The introduction of "opinions" will help to promote the green development of the iron and steel industry.

Completion of ultra-low emission transformation of more than 80% in 2025

As the largest iron and steel producer in the world, the output of crude steel accounts for about half of the world's total output. The total output of the iron and steel industry is huge, the emission level is uneven, and the total emissions of the industry are still high. In recent years, China's iron and steel industry has made great progress, and has become one of the most globally competitive industries in China, but there is still a certain gap compared with the requirements of high-quality development.

At present, the iron and steel industry is one of the main sources of air pollution in China. It is estimated that sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and particulate matter emissions from the iron and steel industry accounted for about 7%, 10% and 20% of the country's total emissions in 2017, respectively. Since the implementation of ultra-low emissions in coal-fired power plants, the emission of pollutants in thermal power industry has been greatly reduced. In 2017, the discharge of major pollutants in the iron and steel industry has exceeded that of the power industry, becoming the largest source of pollutants in the industrial sector.

Promoting the implementation of ultra-low emissions in the iron and steel industry is an important measure to promote the high-quality development of the industry, promote industrial transformation and upgrading, and help win the blue sky defense war. Recently, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Transport and other five ministries jointly issued the "opinions on promoting the implementation of Ultra-low emissions in the Iron and Steel Industry." The opinion defines the overall thinking, basic principles, main objectives, target requirements, key tasks, policy measures and implementation guarantee for promoting the implementation of ultra-low emissions in the iron and steel industry.

The "opinion" proposes that the national new (including relocation) iron and steel projects should reach the ultra-low emission level in principle. To promote the transformation of ultra-low emissions of existing iron and steel enterprises, by the end of 2020, the transformation of ultra-low emissions of iron and steel enterprises in key areas will have made remarkable progress, strive to complete the transformation of about 60% of the production capacity, and promote the transformation of ultra-low emissions of iron and steel enterprises in other areas in an orderly manner. By the end of 2025, the transformation of ultra-low emissions from iron and steel enterprises in key areas will be basically completed, and efforts will be made to complete the transformation of more than 80% of the production capacity.

The "opinion" fully reflects the technical feasibility, and the requirements for ultra-low emissions are not "across the board." According to the characteristics of each production link of its industry, the target limits and control measures are put forward for organized emissions, unorganized emissions and bulk material product transportation, respectively.

Will increase the reduction of production capacity in key areas

The "opinions" should strengthen tax, capital, price, finance, environmental protection and other policies for enterprises that have completed the transformation of ultra-low emissions, strengthen the main responsibility of enterprises, strictly control the quality of projects, strictly evaluate and manage them, and strengthen supervision and law enforcement.

Preferential tax treatment shall be given to iron and steel enterprises that meet the conditions for ultra-low emissions. According to the opinion, if the concentration of taxable air pollutants is lower than 30% of the pollutant discharge standard, an environmental protection tax shall be levied at a reduced rate of 75%; if the concentration is less than 50%, an environmental protection tax shall be levied at a reduced rate of 50%. We will implement the preferential policy of enterprise income tax credit for the purchase of special equipment for environmental protection. According to the actual situation, the local governments can reward the iron and steel enterprises that have completed the transformation of ultra-low emissions. The surplus emission rights formed by the transformation of ultra-low emissions can be used for market trading. We will support qualified steel enterprises to issue corporate bonds for direct financing and raise funds for ultra-low emissions transformation and other areas.

For iron and steel enterprises that have not implemented the transformation of ultra-low emissions. The opinion requires that measures such as upgrading of pollution control facilities and strengthening the management of unorganized emissions should be taken to ensure that the discharge standards of national or local air pollutants are steadily met, and that the special emission limits of air pollutants should be implemented in key areas in accordance with the relevant provisions. If the discharge of sewage cannot be carried out in accordance with the permit, the treatment within a time limit shall be implemented, and the timetable and road map shall be clearly defined one by one in accordance with the principle of "one factory, one policy". Those who fail to meet the requirements within the time limit shall be severely punished in accordance with the regulations. If a sewage discharge permit is not obtained, the production shall be suspended or ordered to be shut down in accordance with the regulations.

The opinion also proposes that enterprises or facilities included in the phase-out plan no longer require ultra-low emissions conversion. We will step up efforts to reduce iron and steel production capacity in key areas, and Hebei Province will control steel production capacity within 200 million tons in 2020. The iron and steel enterprises listed in the capacity removal plan shall withdraw from the supporting equipment such as sintering, coke oven, blast furnace and so on. Iron and steel enterprises in key regional cities should take such ways as complete shutdown, transformation and development, local transformation, relocation outside the territory, and so on, to promote the transformation and upgrading.

Play a positive role in improving urban air quality

The concentration of iron and steel industry in China is also an important cause of regional air pollution. Some experts said that the steel production capacity of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei and its surrounding areas, the Yangtze River Delta region, the Fenwei Plain and other key areas for the prevention and control of air pollution accounted for 55 percent of the country's total production capacity, and the average PM2.5 concentration was also about 38 percent higher than the national average.

Emissions from iron and steel enterprises have a significant impact on urban air quality. The top 20 cities in China's iron and steel production capacity (production capacity accounts for 51% of the country's total production capacity) none of the air quality standards, the average PM2.5 concentration is 28% higher than the national average concentration. In 2018 168 cities ranked in the bottom seven cities in air quality, steel companies have a significant impact on the local ambient air quality.

"Ultra-low emission is the only way for the iron and steel industry to upgrade green and the trend of air pollution control in the future, and it is also an urgent social responsibility for iron and steel enterprises." An expert who has long been concerned about the development of the domestic iron and steel industry said in an interview with the Yangtze River Business Daily that the battle for the prevention and control of pollution is an inevitable requirement for the high-quality development of the iron and steel industry. The realization of high-quality development of the iron and steel industry is the fundamental way to solve the problem of environmental pollution. The introduction of "opinions" will not only help to promote the green development of the iron and steel industry, but also play a positive role in the improvement of urban air quality.

In order to ensure the smooth implementation of the ultra-low emission policy. The "opinion" requires that all localities should strengthen daily supervision and law enforcement inspection, and strictly punish enterprises that do not meet the standards and discharge pollutants in accordance with the regulations in accordance with the law. We will severely crack down on serious illegal acts such as fraud and suspending the transportation of environmental protection facilities without authorization, investigate and deal with them in accordance with the law, and investigate the responsibility of the relevant personnel.