SMM Network News: on May 6, the State Council officially promulgated the "measures for the recovery of scrapped Motor vehicles", which will come into effect on June 1, 2019. The measures for the Administration of Recycling of scrapped vehicles promulgated on June 16, 2001 shall be annulled at the same time.
The new "method" has formulated a number of new rules for the dismantling and recovery of scrapped motor vehicles, including "five assemblies" engines, steering machines, transmissions, front and rear axles, and frames that can be recycled through remanufacturing. The purchase price of scrapped motor vehicles is no longer based on the valuation of waste metals.
What is the background of the introduction of new methods for the recovery of scrapped motor vehicles? Scrapped motor vehicles to say goodbye to catty sales, can effectively speed up the elimination of old vehicles? How do scrapped cars "turn waste into treasure"?
On the evening of May 7, Zhao Ping, a researcher at the Research Institute of the China Council for the Promotion of International Trade, and Liu GE, a financial commentator at CCTV, visited the CCTV Financial Review studio for in-depth analysis.
Why are the new rules for scrapping motor vehicles?
Zhao Ping: win the battle of pollution prevention and control to achieve high-quality development
Zhao Ping, a researcher at the Research Institute of the China Council for the Promotion of International Trade: this policy itself is based on a three-year action plan to win the Blue Sky Defense War. First of all, it is mainly to speed up the elimination of old motor vehicles and yellow standard vehicles, which are very important for urban pollution. Accelerating the elimination of these vehicles is to better protect the environment.
Secondly, the "five assemblies" remanufacturing represents the attitude towards the utilization of resources, that is, a green development concept of recycling. In 2008, our country began to promote the pilot project of remanufacturing auto parts, reproduce the available parts on scrapped vehicles, and re-enter the circulation link on the premise of meeting the quality standards, according to the existing ownership of 240 million vehicles. There will be a lot of room for imagination in the future.
Liu GE: the new method boosts the enthusiasm of scrapping cars
CCTV financial commentator Liu GE: the background of the old method in 2001 is to prevent scrapped cars from entering the assembly market, so they are particularly strict in terms of price and qualification, but one problem is that it is unprofitable to scrap them in a formal way.
For example, if a bus goes to a regular disassembly factory to disassemble it, it may eventually be estimated to be one or two thousand yuan, but in fact, the owner scrapped the car in order to drive it over. Investment in time, energy, and even money may outweigh this gain. This is why only about 10 to 30% of our scrapped vehicles now enter the formal dismantling system, and most of them are digested by other channels. The new approach recognizes that even if vehicles are scrapped, it is not equal to scrap iron, which will greatly promote the enthusiasm of formal scrapping.
What does it take to accelerate the elimination of old cars?
Zhao Ping: the elimination of old motor vehicles depends on the rule of law and the market.
Zhao Ping, a researcher at the Research Institute of the China Council for the Promotion of International Trade: first of all, it is necessary to eliminate in accordance with the law, whether it is the continuous improvement of automobile emission standards, or the site, equipment, and process of vehicle dismantling, we all need the means of the rule of law.
Liu GE: higher performance-to-price ratio will give remanufacturing market space
Liu GE, a financial commentator at CCTV: the elimination of old cars is also inseparable from the growth of the remanufacturing market for auto parts. Although this market needs a process of cultivation, in terms of our large number of cars, The use of quality remanufacturing must have its own market.
Perhaps when people buy cars or replace parts and components, they may reject the so-called old things, but this problem hardly exists for commercial vehicles, because they are generally used with a high frequency and a relatively high frequency of failure. For example, if a big truck breaks down, the total price is high. If the remanufactured parts can solve the problem, it is not necessary to replace them, but they can still make money after they are repaired.
Zhao Ping: it is necessary to use up all the waste energy after the event.
Zhao Ping, a researcher at the Research Institute of the China Council for the Promotion of International Trade: the new rules actually lower the barriers to entry for enterprises, similar to the concept of Kuan Jin, which must be kept up with afterwards.
First, in the aspect of environmental protection, the disassembly conditions should not be discounted, and the random spot checks in the process of disassembly should not be reduced, and a measure to improve the quality of the environment should not be turned into a new pollution. Another important thing is how to ensure that the recovery information of parts and components, including the "five assemblies", should be recorded, open, transparent and readily available, which is also an important task.
Liu GE: reform the circulation order, lower the entry threshold, untie the industry and help enterprises
Liu GE, a financial commentator at CCTV: the new rules reflect the direction of market-oriented reform. The previous approach should be said to have played a role in the corresponding historical period, but the rules at that time did suppress the possible vitality of the industry.
Therefore, not only in the field of scrapped motor vehicles, are there any other areas that used to rely mainly on the approval of administrative access to form some special industries? today, can we also do some carding, the reform to reform it? This may also be a meaning of the new rules beyond the industry itself.
This paper analyzes the concepts of related entries:
Scrapping refers to the invalidation of parts, machinery or equipment, utensils, etc., because they cannot continue to be used or are not up to standard.
The so-called scrapped vehicle is a vehicle that has reached a certain useful life, or caused serious damage to the vehicle or poor technical condition due to other reasons, and cannot be repaired, and is forced to be scrapped in accordance with the regulations of the government. Once the scrapped vehicle has an accident, because the vehicle is unlicensed and unlicensed, and the vehicle is worthless, often abandon the car and escape, to the traffic police department to detect the accident increased the difficulty, and directly led to some accidents can not be detected. Due to the poor mechanical performance of the scrapped vehicle and the aging of its parts, coupled with the driver's unauthorized reinstallation, modification, and destruction of the balance and stability of the vehicle structure in order to carry passengers, pull goods, and make money, If the technical condition of the vehicle does not meet the requirements, it will lead to a variety of failures, directly affect traffic safety and induce traffic accidents.