SMM4, 19 March: recently, the State Administration of Market Supervision and Administration and the State Standardization Administration Committee formally approved the issuance of the national standard "Technical Specification for recovery of waste lead-acid batteries." At the same time, it also put an end to the dilemma that there has been no "law" in the recovery industry of waste lead-acid batteries in China for many years. The standard specifies the treatment methods and management measures for the collection, storage, transportation and transfer of waste lead-acid batteries in the field of social circulation, and will be formally implemented from October 1, 2019.
The lead battery industry in China has developed for many years, especially during the Eleventh five-year Plan period, the market scale of lead battery has expanded rapidly, and the annual output has increased by an average of about 20%. According to SMM statistics, by the end of 2018, the production capacity of lead battery industry has exceeded 400 million KVAh.
Compared with the rapid development of new energy vehicle power battery industry since 2014, in just four years, the relevant standards for power battery recovery of new energy vehicles have been issued, and the road of compliance recovery of waste lead-acid batteries has evolved for many years.
First, the disposal of waste lead-acid batteries refers to the Law of the people's Republic of China on the Prevention and Control of Environmental pollution caused by solid waste promulgated in April 1996.
In 2003, the Technical Policy for the Prevention and Control of waste Battery pollution was issued, which clarified for the first time the requirements for the production, recovery and disposal of lead-acid batteries, and revised the Technical Policy for the Prevention and Control of waste Battery pollution in December 2016. The core is to increase the recovery of lead.
In May 2004, the State Council issued the measures for the Administration of Hazardous waste Operation license, and formally established the licensing management system for the use and disposal of hazardous waste. According to the mode of operation, it is divided into hazardous waste comprehensive operation license, hazardous waste utilization operation license and hazardous waste collection operation license.
Stage of development:
In August 2008, the National Hazardous waste list came into force; in June 2016, a new version of the National Hazardous waste list was issued, in which waste lead batteries were identified as hazardous waste.
On August 20, 2008, the 23rd Executive meeting of the State Council adopted the regulations on the Administration of Recycling and disposal of waste Electrical and Electronic products, which came into effect on January 1, 2011. Put forward: the responsibility of the producer of electrical and electronic products: the responsibility of the producer is mainly "green" production.
In 2014, "lead" was listed as one of the five key heavy metal pollutants in the 12th five-year Plan for the Comprehensive Prevention and Control of heavy Metal pollution, and the lead battery industry was also listed as one of the five key prevention and control industries.
In January 2016, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Commerce and the Ministry of Science and Technology formulated the pilot work Program for the extension of producer responsibility for Electrical and Electronic products, and organized the pilot work on the extension of producer responsibility system. It is proposed that producers should rely on the advantages of reverse logistics such as sales channels and maintenance outlets to establish a recycling system for waste electrical and electronic products or entrust a third party to recycle their products.
In December 2016, the General Office of the State Council issued the Program for the implementation of the extended producer responsibility system. Work goal: by 2020, the relevant policy system of producer responsibility extension system has been initially formed, and great progress has been made in product ecological design, and the standardized recovery and recycling utilization rate of key varieties of waste products has reached 40% on average. By 2025, the relevant laws and regulations of the extended producer responsibility system will be basically improved, the extended producer responsibility system in key areas will operate in an orderly manner, the ecological design of products will be widely implemented, and the proportion of recycled raw materials used in key products will reach 20%. The recovery and recycling utilization rate of waste products reached an average of 50%.
In January 2019, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment and other nine ministries jointly issued the Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of pollution from waste lead batteries. Objective: to rectify the illegal collection and treatment of environmental pollution of waste lead batteries, implement the extended producer responsibility system, and improve the standard collection and treatment rate of waste lead batteries. By 2020, the standard collection rate of waste lead battery will reach 40% through the implementation of producer responsibility extension system, and the standard collection rate of waste lead battery will reach 70% by 2025. All the waste lead batteries collected in the standard are safely utilized and disposed of.
Until April 2019, the State Administration of Market Supervision and Administration and the National Standardization Management Committee formally approved the issuance of the national standard "Technical Specification for recovery of waste lead-acid batteries". This also means that the waste lead battery recycling industry is officially on the road of "compliance".
Due to the wide and scattered sources of waste lead batteries, some informal enterprises and individuals seek illegal benefits, resulting in illegal collection and treatment of waste lead battery pollution problems. It is reported that Ma Yonggang, vice chairman of the lead and Zinc Branch of the China Nonferrous Metals Industry Association, said that China is entering a peak period of battery scrapping, with the theoretical scrapping amount of lead batteries exceeding 6 million tons per year. Conservatively, more than 60% of used lead-acid batteries flow into informal channels. According to SMM, the proportion rose by as much as 80 per cent by 2015, and formal recycled lead companies are generally "underfed".
In addition, in recent years, with the improvement of environmental protection requirements, the renewable lead industry has been upgraded, and the production capacity has been gradually transferred from non-licensed enterprises to licensed enterprises. According to SMM statistics, from 2018 to 2020, the new expansion capacity of licensed renewable lead enterprises will increase by an average of 60-700000 tons per year (equivalent to about 1 million tons of waste lead battery treatment capacity). It is estimated that the treatment capacity of waste lead battery will reach more than 10 million tons by 2020. The formation of the recovery system of waste lead battery market promotes the further flow of waste lead battery to the regular channel, and also provides conditions for the release of renewable lead compliance capacity.