In December, the domestic mine opening rate surveyed by SMM fell 2 per cent from a month earlier, the biggest monthly decline of the year. The start-up rate is declining in all regions, mainly because SMM understands the following:
First of all, if the Tangshan area of Hebei Province continues to be subject to environmental inspection, the mine will stop production in a large area; secondly, for example, the starting rate continues to decline due to the cold weather in Inner Mongolia and Liaoning. Thirdly, due to the completion of the annual production and sales plans, the production pace of state-owned and private enterprises in some areas slowed down in December, and the start-up rate decreased slightly.
In addition, some areas due to mine arrangements for year-end maintenance, resulting in a small decline in the start-up rate; some mines due to the shortage of raw mines and had to reduce production, the start-up rate has declined.
In January, mines in some areas that have been suspended due to environmental restrictions may be expected to resume production in early January; individual mines that have been granted mining rights plan to resume production in January. In addition, individual state-owned and private mines plan to produce as much as possible in January, and SMM expects the domestic mine opening rate to rise slightly in January.
Details of the subregions are as follows:
In December, the mine opening rate in Hebei fell 3.9 percent from the previous month. Among them, the operating rate of private mines decreased by 4.8%, and that of state-owned mines decreased by 0.1%.
In December, due to poor local air quality, a second warning was issued in Qian'an and Zunhua areas of Tangshan, and most mines were asked to stop production restrictions from December 9 to 31. Due to the ecological restoration of river regulation and safe production in winter, the iron ore mines and concentrators were inspected in Qianxi area, and all the local concentrators in Qianxi were shut down. As a result of the environmental inspection of the government "across the board", Qianxi dozens of environmental protection standards of enterprises have also been asked to stop production.
In addition, the temperature in northern Hebei, such as Chengde and Zhangjiakou, reached minus 20 to 30 degrees, and the operation rate of the concentrator decreased.
In December, the mine opening rate in Liaoning decreased by 0.6% compared with the previous month. Among them, the operating rate of private mines decreased by 0.4%, and that of state-owned mines decreased by 0.8%.
In Liaoning area, the mine output decreased mainly because of the cold weather, and some of the larger state-owned and private mines basically completed the annual plan in the middle and early December. Therefore, some mines began to arrange maintenance in late December. In January, some of the mines in Benxi may officially begin production in January, and the opening rate in Liaoning is expected to pick up slightly in January.
In December, the mine opening rate in Shandong decreased by 0.2% compared with the previous month. Among them, the operating rate of private mines increased by 0.3%, and that of state-owned mines decreased by 1%.
In December, as the local mines were still profitable, coupled with the completion of the annual planned impulse, some private mines increased the start-up rate. At the same time, a local state-owned mine due to a mine safety accident, forced to stop production for 10 days, although there was a resumption of production in December, but the output is limited.
Inner Mongolia region
In December, the mine opening rate in Inner Mongolia fell 2.3 percent from the previous month. Among them, the operating rate of private mines decreased by 0.3%, and that of state-owned mines decreased by 5.3%.
Due to the cold weather, some local open-pit small mines could not be started. Due to the shortage of raw ore, the output of refined powder decreased in December, and the opening rate of private mines decreased in December. On the other hand, due to the imperfect heating facilities in a mine under a local state-owned steel enterprise, it is impossible to start work after the weather turns cold, resulting in a significant decline in the opening rate of state-owned mines.
In December, the mine opening rate in Anhui fell by 1.7% compared with the previous month. Among them, the operating rate of private mines decreased by 1.2%, and that of state-owned mines decreased by 2%.
A local private mine 12.26-1.3 arranged for end-of-year maintenance, the refined powder production decreased; in addition, a state-owned mine in Huoqiu carried out technical renovation and year-end maintenance in December, resulting in only 15 days of production in December, resulting in a significant decline in refined powder production.
Moreover, Anhui area due to the early suspension of production of a private mine and a state-owned mine is still not resumed production, the overall start-up rate is down slightly.
In December, the mine opening rate in Shanxi decreased by 0.2% compared with the previous month. Among them, the operating rate of private mines decreased by 0.3% compared with the previous month, and that of state-owned mines was the same.
Due to poor sales of fine powder in a local medium-sized private mine, maintenance was arranged for 6 days at the beginning of the month, resulting in a decrease of 7000 tons in refined powder production, and the start of the state-owned mine to maintain stability.
According to SMM, during the Spring Festival, individual mines in Shanxi have holiday or maintenance plans, and refined powder production is expected to decline significantly in February. In addition, a private mine in southern Shanxi plans to have a 20-day Spring Festival holiday, which is expected to affect refined powder production of 37000 tons.
In December, the opening rate of mines in southwest China fell 2.7 percent from the previous month. Among them, the operating rate of private mines decreased by 0.2%, and that of state-owned mines decreased by 5.3%.
In December, the state-owned mines in Liangshan and Panzhihua areas of Sichuan arranged maintenance one after another. Two blast furnaces in a state-owned steel plant began to be overhauled in December. New Year's Day resumed production in December, and the demand for fine powder decreased in December. Due to the completion of the annual production target, a state-owned enterprise in Liangshan area began an annual overhaul for a period of 15 days in mid-December, and the starting rate decreased significantly.
At the same time, due to strict environmental inspection in Sichuan and Yunnan in December, and winter weather is not conducive to the diffusion and emission of dust and other atmospheric pollutants, production in some substandard concentrators and pelletizing plants in this area was limited in December. The output of iron concentrate powder decreased.